- 匿名使用者1 0 年前最佳解答
美德 = Virtue
Virtue (Latin virtus; Greek ἀρετή) is moral excellence of a person. A virtue is a character trait valued as being good. The conceptual opposite of virtue is vice.
The Greek word ἀρετή (aretē) has not come into ordinary English. The English word virtue is derived from the Latin word virtus which is in turn from vir meaning "man" in the masculine sense. The word virtus means "the male function" conceived in terms of strength or force; hence "the power to accomplish". [The unrelated Latin word vis means simply "power" or "violence"; ancient grammarians were unable to distinguish the two words.] Cf. Ernout-Meillet, Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine: Histoire des mots.
Due to ancient social norms and these linguistic subtleties, virtus was sometimes identified with the masculine warlike virtues such as courage. This has sometimes led to a sense of irony concerning the supposed etymology. In English the word virtue is often used to refer to a woman's chastity. As the philosopher Leo Strauss expresses it, "The mystery of Western thought is how a term that originally meant the manliness of a man came to mean the chastity of a woman."
Virtue can also be meant in another way. Virtue can either have normative or moral value; i.e. the virtue of a knife is to cut, the virtue of an excellent knife is to cut well (this is its normative value) vs. the virtues of reason, prudence, chastity, etc. (which have moral value).
- 匿名使用者1 0 年前
1.Moral excellence and righteousness; goodness.
An example or kind of moral excellence: the virtue of patience.
2.Chastity, especially in a woman.
3.A particularly efficacious, good, or beneficial quality; advantage: a plan with the virtue of being practical.
4.Effective force or power: believed in the virtue of prayer.
virtues Christianity. The fifth of the nine orders of angels in medieval angelology.
5.Obsolete. Manly courage; valor.
by (or in) virtue of
On the grounds or basis of; by reason of: well-off by virtue of a large inheritance.
- 活字典Lv 71 0 年前
"The only reward of virtue is virtue." - Ralph Waldo Emerson