? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請英文高手幫我翻譯植物學幾句摘要(20點)

1. The principal functions of roots are absorption of water and nutrients,conduction of absorbed materials and food,and anchorage of the plant in the soil.

3. Fibrous root systems are formed by seminal roots arising in the embryo in addition to the radicle.Grassesare good examples of plants with fibrous roots.

5. The root tip is com posed of (a) theroot cap,which pro-tects (b) the meristematic region; (c) a region of maturation,characterized externally by root hairs and internally by the formation of primary vascu-lar tissues.

7. In cross section,the primary xylem in dicot roots is star-shaped,with protoxylem at the points.Primary phloem arises between the arms of primary xylem.

9. The pericycle,a row of cells internal to the endodermis,represents the outermost row of cells of the vascular cylin-der. Cells of pericycle may eventually initiate the differenti-ation of the vascular cambium and the cork cambium in dicot roots.The pericycle initiates lateral roots in both dicots and monocots.

11. Haustorial roots from parasitic plants penetrate into the host.Bacterial nodules occur in roots of nitrogen-fixing legumes.Mycorrhizae are roots infected by beneficial fungi. Contractile roots pull the shoot tight to the soil surface.

不要直接用翻譯軟體翻譯(如果讓我看不出來那沒差)...謝謝!

而且裡面有些專有名詞吧!

2 個解答

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  • Jill
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. The principal functions of roots are absorption of water and nutrients, conduction of absorbed materials and food, and anchorage of the plant in the soil.

    根的主要功能是吸收水和養份,傳輸吸收到的養分並使植物能夠抓附在土壤中。

    3. Fibrous root systems are formed by seminal roots arising in the embryo in addition to the radicle.Grasses are good examples of plants with fibrous roots.

    植物的鬚根系統是主胚根在發育初期所衍生出之許多細小之鬚根

    青草類就是擁有此種鬚根系統的好例子

    5. The root tip is composed of (a) the root cap,which protects (b) the meristematic region; (c) a region of maturation, characterized externally by root hairs and internally by the formation of primary vascular tissues.

    樹根的尖端是由(a.b)用來保護植物分生組織的根套(root cap)及(c)外觀是毛根(root hairs)內部為莖脈細胞的生長組織所組成

    7. In cross section,the primary xylem in dicot roots is star-shaped,with proto-xylem at the points.Primary phloem arises between the arms of primary xylem.

    在橫斷面裡,在dicot 的根裡,主木質部是星狀的,並在根部的尖端帶有原始的木質組織,而主韌皮部則生長在主木質部的樹枝之間。

    9. The pericycle, a row of cells internal to the endodermis, represents the outermost row of cells of the vascular cylinder. Cells of pericycle may eventually initiate the differentiation of the vascular cambium and the cork cambium in dicot roots. The pericycle initiates lateral roots in both dicots and monocots.

    植物的周皮層,也就是植物內皮中的一排細胞組織,為植物莖脈最外圍的一排細胞組織,周皮層細胞在生長過程最後會開始展現出莖脈形成層級栓木層之不同處,周皮層也會幫助dicot及monocot側根的生長

    11. Haustorial roots from parasitic plants penetrate into the host.Bacterial nodules occur in roots of nitrogen-fixing legumes.Mycorrhizae are roots infected by beneficial fungi. Contractile roots pull the shoot tight to the soil surface.

    寄生植物的吸根會深入宿主,因細菌所引發之瘤狀物會附著在豆莢類植物之根部,菌根則由益生黴菌感染而引起,植物則透過具有收縮性質之根部緊緊附著於土壤之中

    我盡力了 但還是有些專有名詞查不出來

    參考資料: 自己 & 字典
  • 1 0 年前

    1.根的主要功能是水和營養物的吸收,吸收的材料和食品和在土壤裡的植物的停泊地點的傳導。

    3.初期的根形成纖維製的根系統除radicle.Grassesare之外還在胚裡出現有纖維製的根的植物的好例子。

    5.根訊息是(A)theroot 帽子,支持tects(b)meristematic 地區的造成的com; (c)一個成熟的地區,外部透過根毛和內部透過主要vascu-家神織物的形成描述。

    7.在橫斷面裡,在dicot 根裡的主要木質部是星狀的,帶有protoxylem在points.Primary 韌皮部在主要木質部的臂之間出現。

    9.pericycle,一排對endodermis 內部的小屋,描述這血管的cylin-der的排最外的小屋。 pericycle的小屋可能最終起動血管的形成層的differenti-ation,軟木形成層在dicot roots.The pericycle裡在dicots和monocots裡起動橫向根。

    11.Haustorial 根從寄生植物滲入小結在氮確定的legumes.Mycorrhizae的根發生的host.Bacterial是有利的菌影響的根。 收縮的根拉芽對土壤表面緊。

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