Mike 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

哪個英文句子對?

大家好,下列"end"用法哪一個正確?

Typically, businesses use a fiscal year "ending" December 31.

Typically, businesses use a fiscal year "ended" December 31.

First bank announced its financial results for the year "ended" August 31.

First bank announced its financial results for the year "ending" August 31.

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1 個解答

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  • BABOO
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    這兩題是考end這字在兩個句中的結構判斷。在這裡end是Vi的用法。本來後面還會有介系詞 on,但常被省略,直接寫日期。

    Typically, businesses use a fiscal year "ending" December 31.

    Typically, businesses use a fiscal year "ended" December 31.

    第一句中,前面有主詞 businesses 動詞 use,所以這裡不能再用動詞,原句可用下列方式表示:

    Typically, businesses use a fiscal year which ends (on) December 31.

    可將這關係子句改為分詞片語表示。

    = Typically, businesses use a fiscal year ending December 31.

    所以 Typically, businesses use a fiscal year "ending" December 31.才是正確。

    First bank announced its financial results for the year "ended" August 31.

    First bank announced its financial results for the year "ending" August 31.

    第二句情形和第一句不一樣

    主詞是First bank 動詞是announced, 是及物動詞,後面接了一個that子句,來當announced的受詞,其中連接詞that在這裡可省略 。所以原句如下:

    First bank announced that its financial results for the year ended (on) August 31.

    所以得知這裡的ended是後面名詞子句的過去式動詞,所以用ended。

    所以First bank announced its financial results for the year "ended" August 31.才對。

    參考資料: 本人
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