映象光 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文文法題答案尋求詳解?

Our research suggests that hoarding is a complex problem ______________people have

difficulty processing information to organize items and solve problems.

(A)in that (B)in what (C)in which (D)in where (E)in it

請問上述問題之翻譯與答案究竟應選擇何者?Why?

請協助詳述解釋所選答案之原因?

已更新項目:

再請教您,雖然that前面不能有介系詞(in, at, on),

但 in that=because,

此英文文法題答案為何不能選(A)in that ?

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    答案是 C

    這題也可以寫成 Our research suggests that hoarding is a complex problem which people have difficulty in processing information to organize items and solve problems.

    它把difficulty後面的in提到which前面去了.

    通常先行詞是物(problem)的話,我們都用which或that,那為什麼不選that勒,是因為that前面不能有介系詞(in, at, on),所以答岸就是C

  • 1 0 年前

    對不起BABOO大大,

    我本來是要選您為最佳解答,

    卻因手誤而選錯,

    煩請海涵!

    再次感謝您撥冗解惑,萬分感激!

  • BABOO
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    Our research suggests that hoarding is a complex problem ______________people have difficulty processing information to organize items and solve problems.

    (A)in that (B)in what (C)in which (D)in where (E)in it

    請問上述問題之翻譯與答案究竟應選擇何者?Why?

    請協助詳述解釋所選答案之原因?

    答:

    本題的正確答案是(C),但正確的理由應該是這樣子。

    首先我們必須了解,關係代名詞使用的時機。使用關係代名詞是將兩個句子利用一個兩句中都有的相同名詞,當連接詞,而把兩句合為一句。

    所以我們必須能還原出原來的兩句才能知道正確的理由。兩句如下:

    1. Our research suggests that hoarding is a complex problem.

    2. People have difficulty processing information to organize items and solve problems in the complex problem.

    於是我們用第一句中的a complext problem 來當先行詞。再改第二句的the complex problem改為關係代名詞 which. 再將which及前面的in 移到第二句句首。如下:

    in which people have difficulty processing information to organize items and solve problems 這樣的改寫後,本句才叫做 [ 關係子句 ]。

    再把關係子句置於先行詞之後,而形成本題目。

    Our research suggests that hoarding is a complex problem "in which" people have difficulty processing information to organize items and solve problems.

    這樣的說明,你應該就會了解為什麼這裡要用in which的原因了吧。所有的關係子句的題目,都可用這種抽絲剝繭的方式解決。

    2006-11-27 09:23:01 補充

    再請教您,雖然that前面不能有介系詞(in, at, on),

    但 in that=because,

    此英文文法題答案為何不能選(A)in that ?

    答:

    at that 、 with that、upon that 等是存在的,但這裡的that不是「關係代名詞」,是「指示代名詞」。所以不可能當連接詞使用,不會出現在這裡。因為關係代名詞是當從屬連接詞使用,引導出一個關係子句,當形容詞用。

    in that 可當連接詞 = because , since

    如果依本題的考試性質,不可能是答案。

    但如果用「不同的語意」來解釋本句時,是可以的。

    參考資料: 本人
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