張小瑛 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

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In a discovery that is likely to rekindle the debate about language in the animal kingdom, researchers in Germany have discovered that some parrots appear to give their offspring individual names.

Animal behavioral scientists at the University of Hamburg say that spectacled parrots use a distinctive call for each of their chicks, with no two chicks being given the same "name" call.

The small South American parrots also apparently have name calls for their mates.

"The birds very definitely use a particular call exclusively with a particular bird and never for any other bird," says Dr. Rolf Wanker, head of the Hamburg University Zoological Institute's behavioral research laboratory.

Wanker and his team have spent years assessing video and audio recordings of parrot chatter and squawking.

"What is not yet clear, however, is whether these calls can be equated with what we would call names, such as Hans or Fritz, or whether they could be more generic labels such as 'my baby' or 'my mate'," he adds.

While observing the spectacled parrot in its natural habitat in Colombia, researchers noted that individual parrots seemed to respond to specific calls that other parrots in the same flock ignored.

"A mother bird had the uncanny ability to utter a cry that would result in her chick returning to the nest immediately," Wanker recalls.

"It was obvious that the baby knew it was being called," he says.

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    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    In a discovery that is likely to rekindle the debate about language in the animal kingdom, researchers in Germany have discovered that Animal behavioral scientists at the University of Hamburg say that spectacled parrots use a distinctive call for each of their chicks, with no two chicks being given the same "name" call.

    漢堡大學動物行為研究員指出有些被觀察的鸚鵡們用特殊的音調叫喚牠們的幼鳥,而且沒有兩隻幼鳥的“名字”聲音是一樣的。

    The small South American parrots also apparently have name calls for their mates.

    這些小型南美洲鸚鵡同時也很明確的給牠們的伴侶“名字”

    "The birds very definitely use a particular call exclusively with a particular bird and never for any other bird," says Dr. Rolf Wanker, head of the Hamburg University Zoological Institute's behavioral research laboratory.

    漢堡大學動物學研究所行為研究實驗室主任Rolf Wanker博士表示:「這些鳥兒們很肯定的使用一種特定聲音呼叫某隻特定的鳥兒,並且不會用這種音調叫其他的鳥兒。」

    Wanker and his team have spent years assessing video and audio recordings of parrot chatter and squawking.

    Wanker和他帶領的團隊花了很多年的時間研究在錄音帶及錄影帶上的所側錄到鸚鵡們的交談及叫聲。

    "What is not yet clear, however, is whether these calls can be equated with what we would call names, such as Hans or Fritz, or whether they could be more generic labels such as 'my baby' or 'my mate'," he adds.

    他補充:「目前還不清楚的是:這些叫聲是否就等同名字例如Hans或是Fritz,還是這些只表示基本代號例如‘我的寶貝’或是‘我的配偶’」

    While observing the spectacled parrot in its natural habitat in Colombia, researchers noted that individual parrots seemed to respond to specific calls that other parrots in the same flock ignored.

    當在哥倫比亞這種特定鸚鵡天然棲息地觀察牠們時,研究人員注意到個別的鸚鵡會對特定的叫聲產生反應,而同種類其他的鸚鵡會忽略。

    "A mother bird had the uncanny ability to utter a cry that would result in her chick returning to the nest immediately," Wanker recalls.

    「母鳥有種神秘的力量會發出特定的叫聲,而牠的幼雛會立刻回到巢裡,」Wanker回想起當時情景。

    "It was obvious that the baby knew it was being called," he says.

    「非常明顯的,幼鳥知道自己正在被呼喚,」他說。

  • 1 0 年前

    在很可能重新燃起關於在動物界裡的語言的辯論的發現過程中, 在德國的研究人員已經發現一些鸚鵡看起來給他們的子女個別的名字。

    動物漢堡大學的行為科學家說spectacled 鸚鵡把一個特別的電話用於他們的小雞中的每個, 沒有兩只小雞被給相同" 名字" 叫。

    鸚鵡此外顯然有名字的小南美人去拿他們的助手。

    "鳥專門用一只特別的鳥和從未對於任何其他鳥來說非常明確使用一個特別的電話," 博士說 卑微的人和他隊度過年確定音像鸚鵡的錄音喋喋不休並且大聲抗議。

    但是,還不清楚的, 是這些電話可以與我們呼叫名稱一起等於是否是, 象漢斯或者德國人那樣,是否他們可能是更一般的標籤,例如'我的寶貝'或者'我的伙伴'," 他補充說。

    在在在哥倫比亞的它的自然的棲息地內觀察spectacled 鸚鵡時, 研究人員指出個別鸚鵡好像對具體電話作出回應其他鸚鵡在忽視的相同的群內。

    一母親鳥有神祕才能發出將導致她小雞立即返回巢的一叫聲," 卑微的人回憶。

    顯然嬰兒知道它正被叫," 他說。

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