Pauline 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

可以幫我翻譯這一段嗎..中文翻英文..我要做英文報告用

臉譜借誇張的色彩和線條,突出人物的性格,表達對人物的評價,褒貶善惡,是京劇化妝的一部分,臉譜主要用於淨丑兩行所扮演的各種人物。生旦很少採用,而只是略施粉墨。

臉譜由唐代樂舞大面所戴面具和參軍戲副淨的塗面發展而來。南戲、北雜劇直接繼承了這個傳統,但構圖一開始還很簡單,比如在面部中心畫一個白斑,畫兩個白眼圈,額上畫兩道黑線等等。隨戲曲的發展,臉譜日益精美,構圖也越來越多樣。

臉譜色彩豐富,圖案不一,容易讓人感覺混亂、神秘。但實際上,臉譜可以歸納為一些基本的類型,由這些基本的類型,根據人物的性格、氣質等,再變化出許許多多的臉譜。每個臉譜都是以戲中人物的長相、性格等為依據的

臉譜的色彩也有各自的含義。一般來講,顏色象徵了性格。比如紅色,表示人物的忠勇義烈;黑色表示人物忠耿、正直、勇猛;黃色表示人物殘暴兇狠等等。當然這種對性格的象徵也不是絕對的。

1 個解答

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  • HA
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    The type of facial make up takes advantage of the color and lines that are overstated , stress personages' personality, express the appraisal on personages , pass judgement on good and evil, it is a part that Beijing opera made up, the type of facial make up is used in net two lines of ugly various kinds of personages acted mainly. Grow and seldom adopt at dawn , and just slightly construct the powder black . Type of facial make up dance accompanied by music heavy pieces of mask worn join the army play pairs of painting piece develop net by the Tang Dynasty. Played , north Za Ju and inherit this tradition directly in the south, but the composition is still very simple at the beginning, for example a white spot is drawn in the facial centre, two white orbits draw, two black lines ,etc. are drawn on the forehead. Up to the development of the opera, the type of facial make up is exquisite day by day, the composition is more and more various. The color of the type of facial make up is abundant , the pattern differs, it is apt to let people feel confused , mysterious . But in fact, the type of facial make up can be summed up as some basic types, by these basic types, according to personages' personality , makings ,etc., a lot of types of facial make up appear in the change again. Each type of facial make up is that the color taking personages' feature , personality ,etc. while playing as type of facial make up of the basis has one's own meaning too. Generally speaking, the color has symbolized the personality . Such as being red , show that personages' loyal and brave justice is strong ; Black colour specification personages are loyal and dedicated , honest , bold; Yellow colour specification personages are cruel and ferocious and fierce,etc.. Certainly this kind of symbol to the personality is not absolute .

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