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可否教我分析一下句子:分詞構句!!

Employees previously dissatisfied are now feeling much better with Human Resources offered new benefits and improving their jobs.

當我看到此句時.我要從哪裡下手開始分析這個句子文法對或錯

在這裡.錯的地方是Human Resources offered

要怎麼去判斷呢??可否幫我一個字的標出他屬於主詞或動詞..

或是被省略的原形..謝謝!!!

1 個解答

評分
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    我認為錯誤的地方不在Human Resources offered而是 Employees previously dissatisfied

    我是這麼分析的

    再我以前考托福的時候,老師告訴我們 "你不用了解每一個單字就可以回答問題,你只要會算數就行了"

    首先找出動詞,再找連接詞

    如果有n個動詞,就要有n-1個連接詞

    我們來看看這個句子

    Employees 名詞 字尾加s 複數

    previously 字尾ly, 就算不認得這個字,也要猜他是副詞, 99%是對的(friendly是形容詞)

    dissatisfied 字尾ed可能是動詞(過去式或過去分詞),也有可能當形容詞用

    are now feeling be動詞複數(正好呼應Employees)+副詞+Ving,剛好是一組現在進行式,副詞(now)在be動詞(are)之後,普通動詞(feeling)之前,最佳的位置

    much副詞

    better 形容詞

    with 介係詞 (不可連接兩句子)

    Human Resources 大寫的一定是名詞了

    offered字尾ed可能是動詞,也有可能當形容詞用

    new形容詞

    benefits名詞複數

    and 連接詞

    improving字尾ing可能是動詞,也有可能當形容詞用

    their jobs. 所有格+名詞

    看完了句子我們找出四個可能的動詞(dissatisfied, are feeling, offered, and improving)和一個連接詞(and)

    套入公式,我們共需要三個連接詞,而句子裡只有一個

    現在在來分析可能省略的地方,或是當形容詞用

    Employees previously dissatisfied are now feeling much better with Human Resources offered new benefits and improving their jobs.

    先看第一個(dissatisfied)

    他在名詞和副詞之後,be動詞之前

    我們知道形容詞不能修飾之後的動詞,所以他應該和前面的名詞副詞有關聯

    現在可以想到的是形容詞子句

    Employees (who were previously dissatisfied) are now feeling…..

    必須用被動式,省略後才為

    Employees, previously dissatisfied, are now feeling…

    主動Employees (who previously dissatisfied) are now feeling…

    省略Employees, previously dissatisfying, are now feeling…

    現在問題來了

    省略後的名詞子句必須要有逗號分隔(也許有人會說不用逗號,應為是限定用法)

    但是dissatisfy是及物動詞,必須要有受詞

    而且語義上,使用被動式也不通

    之前”被”感覺不滿的員工,還是

    之前感覺不滿的員工, Previously dissatisfied employees are now feeling…

    dissatisfied 形容詞,修飾之後的employees,合情合理

    我們繼續看下去 (are now feeling)

    Previously dissatisfied employees are now feeling much better with Human Resources…

    前有主詞後有補語

    看起來很順眼,沒什麼問題

    在看下去(offered)

    ….with Human Resources offered new benefits…..

    Human Resources名詞 + offered動詞 + new形容詞 + benefits名詞

    看起來像一個完整的句子

    但是之前沒有連接詞(with是介係詞,不可連接兩句子),這裡一定有省略的地方

    難道又是形容詞子句?

    Human Resources who are offered new benefits….

    Human Resources”被”提供新的福利,被動式語義不通

    Human Resources提供新的福利

    改為主動

    Human Resources who offered new benefits…

    省略後

    Human Resources, offering new benefits,

    需要逗點才正確

    2006-12-19 17:07:31 補充:

    最後一個(improving)

    … and improving their jobs.

    and連接詞 improving(Ving) their所有格 jobs名詞

    前有連接詞,我們就把他合併到先前的句子

    …Human Resources, offering new benefits and improving their jobs.

    還原

    …Human Resources who offered new benefits and improved their jobs.

    合情合理

    2006-12-19 17:12:14 補充:

    但這樣就有兩個錯誤

    (Previously dissatisfied employees) are now feeling much better with Human Resources(, offering) new benefits and improving their jobs.

    還有一種可能就是副詞子句,且子句裡的主詞同樣為employees(they)

    2006-12-19 17:15:23 補充:

    Previously dissatisfied employees are now feeling much better with Human Resources after they were offered new benefits and improved their jobs.

    在這裡被動式就對了

    employees”被”提供新的福利

    2006-12-19 17:17:35 補充:

    省略後

    Previously dissatisfied employees are now feeling much better with Human Resources offered new benefits and improving their jobs.

    不需逗號

    所以只有

    Employees previously dissatisfied是錯誤

    應為

    Previously dissatisfied employees……

    2006-12-19 17:22:09 補充:

    亂碼部分 … 我打了點點點

    ” 我用了全形的 "

    分析的太囉唆了

    不好意思

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