匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫我英翻中,解釋其內容,(不要翻譯軟体翻來的哦)謝謝

On the production side, globalization brings different cost and benefit to the actors positioned in different places of the global division of labor. As clear winners and agents of globalization, multinational corporations (MNCs), usually head-quartered in industrialized countries, dominate technology, capital resources, and distribution channels of the global markets. They set their production facilities in multiple countries to efficiently exploit and coordinate different endowments and then minimize production and transaction costs. Globalization of production, symbolized by an increasing number of countries willing to integrate into the production chain, gives MNCs more leeway and options to design their strategies and therefore they own more leverages when bargaining with local governments or producers. Operating in imperfect markets characterized by oligopoly, they are relatively not threatened by the competition of latecomers because of the markets' high entry barriers. In addition, MNCs are also the most possible candidates who can fully exploit the advantages brought by freer flows of capital, goods, and personnel due to their capability in engaging global management

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    就生產面而言, 全球化為世界各地不同的勞工帶來不同的代價和利益. 那些總部位於已工開發國家的跨國公司 (MNCs), 是全球化的贏家和倡使者, 他們在全球市場中, 制霸了科技, 資本來源, 和銷售通路. 他們在許多國家建立生產設施, 有效地利用並整合不同資源, 以將生產和交易成本降到最低. 越來越多國家願意加入生產鍊, 象徵著生產全球化, 這使得跨國公司有更多的空間和選項來規劃其策略, 因此, 他們有更多的籌碼可與地方政府, 或是供應商談判. 在有寡占特性的不健全市場中營運, 因為較高的進入門檻, 使得他們相對地較不受到後起者的競爭威脅. 此外, 跨國公司因具全球運籌管理的能力, 最有可能得以享受因資本, 貨物, 人才的自由流動所帶來的好處.

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