promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

我想問生理學的翻譯~我翻了很久就是不順

Movement of air from the environment through the airways into the alveoli during breathing is inspiration

Movement of air from the alveoli through the airway into the environment is expiration

The pathway of air through the upper airways (in order) is:nose or mouth to pharynx to larynx

The larynx opens into the trachea which branches into two bronchi, one of which enters each lung

The trachea and bronchi, composed of smooth muscle, have C-shaped rings composed of cartilage (incomplete posteriorly). These rings provide support to the airways.

16 generations of conducting airways (trachea to terminal bronchiole) - develop by 16 weeks gestation

16-23 generations of airway involve alveoli - respiratory bronchiole, alveolar duct -many of these develop after birth - up to age 5 or 8 years

The bronchi further divide into bronchioles which have terminal bronchioles from which grape-like clusters of alveoli arise.

The two zones of the airways beyond the larynx are conducting (no alveoli present and has no gas exchange with the blood )zone and respiratory (contains alveoli and has gas exchange occurring with the blood ) zone

the functions of the cilia, mucus, watery fluid and macrophages in the airways is-- keep the lungs clear of particulate matter and bacteria, acting like a mucus escalator to move particulate matter up to the pharynx so it can be swallowed.

alveolar-capillary membrane: The alveolar-capillary membrane consists of the alveolar membrane in close proximity to the pulmonary capillary membrane with a very thin space between them. These single cell thick membranes are the site of gas exchange

The vast majority of X-sectional area is in the peripheral airways

Trachea and bronchi have cartilage and glands, unlike more peripheral A/W’s; epithelium is columnar, pseudostratified, ciliated

Bronchiole has cuboidal epithelium and is mostly ciliated. Clara cells are non-ciliated

希望不要用DR.EYE翻 因為我用過!翻不起來~謝謝囉

已更新項目:

有誰可以幫幫我這個小護士~因為有點趕! 我會感激不盡的

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    空氣由外界經由呼吸道進入肺泡叫吸氣。

    空氣由肺泡經由呼吸道到外界叫呼氣。

    空氣進入上呼吸道的路徑依序為鼻子或嘴巴到咽再到喉。

    喉的開口就是氣管,而氣管又分成兩分枝,即為支氣管,兩支氣管分別進入兩邊肺。

    氣管和支氣管是由平滑肌和C型軟骨(後面有缺口)組成,此C型軟骨形成的環可支持呼吸道。

    呼吸道的傳導區有16次分枝(從氣管到終端細支氣管)--懷孕 16週發展至此。

    呼吸道16至23次分枝包括肺泡、呼吸性細支氣管、肺泡管--這些發展大部分都是在出生後甚至到5或8歲才發展完成。

    支氣管進一步分成細支氣管,細支氣管又有終端細支氣管,一串串葡萄般的肺泡就是從這裡生成。

    呼吸道分兩部份,一部分是傳導區從喉開始(沒有肺泡,也沒有和血液交換氣體),一部分是呼吸區(包含肺泡,會和血液交換氣體)。

    在呼吸道裡的纖毛、黏膜、水樣液和巨噬細胞的功能是--清除肺裡面的顆粒物質和細菌,往上移到咽,然後可以吞嚥下去。

    肺泡-微血管膜:肺泡-微血管膜是由非常靠近肺微血管膜的肺泡膜所形成,兩層膜之間非常的薄。這些單一細胞膜厚度的地方就是氣體交換的地方。

    絕大部分X切面的區域是周邊呼吸道

    氣管和支氣管有軟骨和腺體,不像更多周邊的A/W’s(這裡你應該有打錯吧,我看不懂);上皮細胞是柱狀,偽複層,有纖毛

    細支氣管是立方上皮細胞,而且大部分有纖毛。Clara細胞沒有纖毛

    P.S:有部分內容我覺得怪怪的,因為沒有照順序來,但原則上我是以你的字面上的意思來翻,希望能幫的到你。

    參考資料: 自己,醫學系的學生
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 5 年前
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。