Mavis 發問時間: 藝術與人文書籍與作家 · 1 0 年前

英文翻譯~兩岸生態文學的比較研究

題目:兩岸生態文學的比較研究

1962年,美國海洋生物學家卡遜女士的《寂靜的春天》,第一次喚起了人類對環境的危機意識。1968年,「羅馬俱樂部」的第一份研究報告《成長的極限》,對兩岸都產生深遠的影響。在1980年代,環境問題開始成為社會焦慮的話題,兩岸作家分別寫下了有關生態保育和公害防治兩條環境保護路線的文學作品。社會學家蕭新煌曾指出台灣自然生態寫作的五個特徵。一是訴諸於「情」的成份往往大於訴諸於「理」的成份。二是作家們關心的層面很廣泛具體。三是作家們在批評自然生態破壞事件顯現「辯護者」的性格,直接又真切。四是對環境生態的關懷,女性比男性來得真切。五是台灣女性作家對自然生態有很深的感觸,對保育之作的必要性也有強烈的反映。相較之下,我們對大陸生態文學誕生的背景、發展和過程,所知甚少,更遑論比較研究。本計劃嘗試從社會學、生態學、生態批評和文學史的角度,深入考察生態文學在兩岸的發展樣貌,並就生態散文、小說、詩各文類,分別進行具體的比較研究,以突顯兩岸聚焦的環保問題。

[關鍵詞]台灣生態文學 大陸生態文學 自然寫作 生態報告文學 卡遜 公害小說

已更新項目:

生態文學 Ecoliterature 或 Ecological Literature

自然寫作 NatureWriting

文學的生態 literary ecology

生態學 ecology

生態批評 Ecocriticism

卡遜 Reachel Carson

非人本主義 un-humanism

辯護者 compurgator

寂靜的春天 Silent Spring

成長的極限 The Limits to Growth

羅馬俱樂部 The Club of Rome

2 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    題目:The comparison of the cross-straits ecosystem literature studies

    In 1962, the American marine biology house lady with lousy card of 《silent spring 》, aroused the mankind's crisis consciousness to the environment for the first time.In 1968, the first research paper of"club in Rome" 《the extreme limit of the growth 》, all produced profound influence to the cross-straitses.At the 1980's, the environment problem starts becoming the topic of the society worry anxiously, the cross-straits writer wrote down relevant ecosystem to raise to prevent and cure two literature works of environmental protection routes and harmful effects respectively.The sociology house the Huang with new Xiao has ever pointed out five characteristics that the Taiwanese natural ecosystem writes.One is the ingredient that makes an appeal to in"feeling" is usually bigger than to make an appeal to in"reason" of ingredient.Two is the level of[with] the writers concern is very extensively concrete.Three are the personality that the writers be criticizing natural ecosystem to break affairs to present "apologist", direct and realistic.Four is to the concern of the environmental ecology, the female is more realistic than male's.Five is a Taiwanese female writer to have very deep emotional stirrings to the natural ecosystem, have a strong reflection towards raising the necessity that it makes also.In comparison, we to the background, development and process of ecosystem literature in mainland birth, know to not mention to comparison research very few and more.The angle that this plan trial animadversion and literary history from the sociology, ecology, ecosystem, thorough investigation the ecosystem literature at cross-straits of development appearance, and carry on respectively for the ecosystem prose, novel, each text of poem concrete of comparison research with bring into relief the environmental protection problem that the cross-straits focuses.

    參考資料: 翻譯機
  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前
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