Type of Irony
Irony: The discrepancy between what is perceived and what is revealed; language and situations that seem to reverse normal expectations.
1. Verbal Irony- is traditionally defined as the use of words to convey something other than, and especially the opposite of, the literal meaning of the words.
例如: One classic example is a speaker saying, “What lovely weather we are having!” as she looks out at a rainstorm intending to express her dissatisfaction with the weather.
2. Dramatic Irony- also known as tragic irony; is a circumstance in which characters reveal their inability to understand their own situation. Dramatic irony is most effective when characters make fateful choices based on information the reader realizes is incorrect.
例如: A famous case of tragic irony occurs in the William Shakespeare play, Romeo and Juliet when Romeo finds Juliet in a drugged death-like sleep, he assumes her to be dead and kills himself. Upon awakening to find her dead lover beside her, Juliet kills herself with his knife.
3. Situational Irony- Players and events coming together in improbable situations creating a tension between expected and real results. Situational irony occurs when the results of a situation are far different from what was expected. This results in a feeling of surprise and unfairness due to the odd situation.
例如: An anti-capitalist website sells anti-capitalism t-shirts for a profit.
2006-12-29 10:48:52 補充：
別種的Irony 還有Socratic iroy, ironic of fate( cosmic irony), historical irony, metafiction,.
2006-12-29 10:55:01 補充：
更正是Irony of fate
2006-12-29 10:57:46 補充：
很愛wikipedia和microsoft word 的我, 我