發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

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The pioneer of ‘steel and glass’ architecture, Mies van der Rohe, settled in Chicago, the home of steel construction, but it was in New York that his major corporate work was built. The Seagram Building which Mies van der Rohe designed with Philip Johnson(1954-8) is of crucial significance in the development of the office block; many hundreds of near copies were designed throughout the world in the following decades. The building was, in essence, the technical realization of Mies’s glass tower of 35 years earlier, in that the basic structure was sheathed in glass with very little interruption of the silhouette. The building was set back from the road allowing a clear view from pedestrian level, and a horizontal slab indicated the entrance. Like all of Mies van der Rohe’s buildings, quality craftsmanship was maintained throughout.

In Italy, Gio Ponti designed the elegant Pirelli Building in Milan (1957) which broke away from the Mies formula by incorporating bevelled sides, made possible by the double vertebrate system of construction. The ‘glass and steel’ block was used for a number of other purposes in addition to corporate offices during developed form an idea by Le Corbusier, the SAS Hotel in Copenhagen designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1958, the Stated buildings at Brasilia designed by Oscar Niemeyer (1957-60) amd the New York State theatre, Lincoln Centre, New York by Philip Johnson(1960).

During the 1960s the ‘glass and steel’ style was widely used for office blocks, but so too was a more architectonic sculptural style inspired by Le Corbusier’s experiments with the plastic nature of concrete – particularly for organization with the need to house varied activities. In Japan, Kunio Mayekawa designed the Kyoto Town Hall(1958-60) in which the raw concrete had the surface appearance of wood and where the construction was a powerful feature of the design.

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    ` 鋼和玻璃的建築學, Mies van der Rohe, 被安定在芝加哥, 鋼建築的家, 但的先驅是在紐約, 他的主要公司工作被建立了。

    Mies van der Rohe 被設計與菲利普Johnson(1954-8) 是關鍵的意義在辦公大樓的發展的Seagram 大廈; 許多上百近的拷貝在世界各地被設計了在以下十年。大廈是, 實質上, Mies 的玻璃塔的技術認識35 年更加早期, 因為基本的結構被覆蓋了在玻璃裡以剪影的很少中斷。

    大廈被設置了從路允許一個清楚的看法從步行水平, 並且一塊水平的平板表明了入口。像所有Mies van der Rohe’s 大廈, 質量技巧始終被維護了。

    在義大利, Gio Ponti 設計了典雅的Pirelli 大廈在打破從Mies 慣例由合併二面對切的邊的米蘭(1957), 由建築雙重脊椎動物的系統使成為可能。‘glass 和steel’ 塊被使用了為一定數量的其它目的除公司辦公室之外在被開發的形式期間想法由Le Corbusier, 1958 年SAS 旅館在哥本哈根設計了由Arne Jacobsen, 陳述的大廈在Brasilia 設計了由Oscar Niemeyer (1957-60) amd 紐約州劇院, 林肯中心, 紐約由菲利普Johnson(1960) 。

    在60 年代期間` 玻璃和鋼' 樣式廣泛被應用為辦公大樓, 但那麼太是更加建築的雕刻的樣式由Le Corbusier 的實驗_發以混凝土的塑料本質- 特別為組織以需要安置各種各樣的活動。在日本, Kunio Mayekawa 設計了京都鎮Hall(1958-60) 未加工的混凝土有木頭表面出現並且建築是設計的一個強有力的特點的地方。

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    參考資料: yahoo的字典
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