- feel freeLv 51 0 年前最佳解答
The history of punk plays important part in the history of subcultures in the 20th century. The punk subculture emerged in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia in the mid-to-late-1970s, and has since undergone several developments.
The punk subculture originated from a number of antecedents and influences. Various philosophical and artistic movements influenced and preceded to the punk movement. In particular, several strains of modern art anticipated and affected punk. Various writers, books, and literary movements were important to the formation of the punk aesthetic. Punk rock has a variety of musical origins in the rock and roll genre. Previous youth subcultures also had major influences on punk.
The earliest form of punk, retroactively named protopunk, arose in the north-eastern United States in the early-to-mid-1970s. The first ongoing music scene that was assigned the punk label appeared in New York City between 1974 and 1976. Around that same time, a punk scene developed in London. Soon after, Los Angeles became home to the third major punk scene. These three cities formed the backbone of the burgeoning movement, but there were also other scenes in cities such as Brisbane, Australia, and Boston.
Starting in 1977, the subculture diversified, and factions such as 2 tone and anarcho-punk came into their own. As the punk movement began to lose steam, post-punk, New Wave, and No Wave gained the media's attention. Sometime around the early 1980s, punk underwent a renaissance in the form of the hardcore punk subculture. Hardcore proved fertile in much the same way as the original punk subculture, producing several new groups. These subcultures stand alongside the older subcultures under the punk banner.
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The underground punk movement in the United States in the 1980s produced scenes that either evolved from punk or claimed to apply its spirit and DIY ethics to a completely different music,
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securing punk's legacy in the alternative rock and indie scenes. The commercial success of alternative rock gave way to another style that the mainstream media dubbed pop punk. A new movement in America became visible in the early and mid-1990s, claiming to be a revival of punk.
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今天我們所見到的龐克文化始於1970年代，最初的時候它是一種音樂上的叛逆運動，主旨是在抗拒反對一些包括前衛搖滾（progressive rock）、重金屬（heavy metal）在內，已經既存的流行音樂形式。在龐克文化的訴求中，這些流行音樂的歌手們早已因為過分英雄崇拜式的偶像塑造，而與他們的歌迷們疏離太遠。龐克文化的追隨者以地下音樂（underground）、極簡搖滾（minimalist rock）等音樂形式為基礎，
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發展出他們自己反烏托邦風格的音樂。在龐克搖滾領域，性手槍（Sex Pistols）與雷蒙合唱團（The Ramones）是龐克音樂啟蒙時期較為人所熟悉的代表性樂團。
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英國的龐克文化在1980年代和1990年代瀰漫到了北美，在那裡人們創造了一種新的音樂風格，稱為硬核龐克（硬核、hardcore)、因為比歐洲的同類音樂更快和更富進攻性的節奏而著稱。從這一新流派產生的風格包括滑板龐克（skate punk）和straight edge（直線邊緣）。
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從1980年代晚期開始，美國西北太平洋地區（Pacific Northwest）的龐克音樂作為"油漬搖滾（grunge）"上市。成功的油漬搖滾樂隊，例如涅磐（Nirvana）和Pearl Jam在他們的音樂中展示出大量龐克風格的影響。這些早期的商業成功導致了另一龐克風格在主流中的成功，它被稱為強力流行樂或者流行龐克。流行龐克的樂隊的例子有Green Day和Offspring.
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- linkinpark729Lv 41 0 年前
The punk subculture is a subculture based on punk rock. Since emerging from the larger rock 'n' roll scene in the mid-to-late-1970s in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia, the punk movement has spread around the globe and developed into a number of different forms.
Punk culture encompasses distinct styles of music, ideology, and fashion as well as visual art, dance, literature, and film. Punk also lays claim to a lifestyle. The punk scene is composed of an assortment of smaller subcultures, such as hardcore punk and streetpunk. These subcultures distinguish themselves through unique expressions of punk culture. Several subcultures have developed out of punk to become distinct in their own right, including goth and psychobilly. The punk movement has had a tumultuous relationship with popular culture and struggles to resist commercialization and appropriation.參考資料： wiki