發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

assimilation和coarticulation的區別

我想請問語言學裡assimilation和articulation的區別在哪裡?

它們的意思是不是有互相重疊呢?

例如像nasalization和palatalization算是哪一個呢?

希望有人能為我解答,能有例子更好喔!

已更新項目:

內容打錯了,是coarticulation

1 個解答

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  • Hi^_^~
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Assimilation的定義:

    PHONOLOGY/PHONETICS: a process in which one or more segments become adapted in one or more aspects to a neighbouring segment.

    Assimilation依照上面的定義,指的就是音韻學裡面的同化現象,因為鄰近的音位的影響,而帶有與其相同的屬性,而產生局部同化(partial assimilation),或是被完全同化(total assimilation)。

    舉例一: partial assimilation—nasalization(鼻音化現象)

    法文: bon 裡面的母音o,受到後面鼻音的影響,所以,成為鼻音化的母音,bo~ ( ~的符號應該在o上面)。

    舉例二: partial assimilation—palatalization (顎化現象)

    定義: a process, i.e. assimilation of place of articulation, in which the place of obstruction shifts towards the hard palate.

    日文: ta / ti / tu / te / to --> ta / chi / tsu / te / to

    日文五十音裡面的t 這組的符號表,原本應該是 ta/ ti/ tu /te /to 裡面 ti 的子音/t/,受到後面palatal vowel /i/的影響,產生了顎化現象,變成了 /ch/。

    舉例三:

    total assimilation: 否定的 in-成了ir- 或是 il-,因為受到了後方因為的完全同化影響。(英文)

    in-: consistent / in-consistent

    ir- : regular / ir-regular

    il- : legal / il-legal

    (附註: im- : possible / im-possible 則為部分同化。)

    Coarticulation的定義:

    依據Wikipedia的解釋(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coarticulation)

    Coarticulation in phonetics refers to two different phenomena:

    i) the assimilation of the place of articulation of one speech sound to that of an adjacent speech sound. For example, while the sound /n/ of English normally has an alveolar place of articulation, in the word tenth it is pronounced with a dental place of articulation because the following sound, /θ/, is dental.

    ii) the production of a coarticulated consonant, that is, a consonant with two simultaneous places of articulation. An example of such a sound is the voiceless labial-velar plosive /k͡p/ found in many West African languages.

    Coarticulation可以指涉到兩種現象:

    第一個現象指的就是assimilation。第二則指的是同時將兩個鄰近的音位一併發音,關於進一步的例子,可參考http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coarticulated_consona...

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