這是一個實驗 是把冰放到水中加熱 由套用斜率的公式 我們可知
the heating of ice 之斜率較大
麻煩回答下列之問題 謝謝 如果可以的話 請用英文解釋謝謝
If the heating of ice had the greater slope, does this fit with what you know about the specific heat of ice and the specific heat of water?
就算不用解釋以熱量原理來推斷的話 specific heat of ice 當然會比較大
Specific heat 指的是比熱 not (某種特定的熱)
- s_t_65Lv 41 0 年前最佳解答
The specific heat of water is 1 cal / g K by definition. That of ice is .51 and of water vapor is .48 (at constant pressure). Ice and water vapor (steam) are alternate phases of water. The specific heat of human tissue is .85. That of air is .23.
For a given substance at a given pressure, phase changes occur at well-defined temperatures. For water at standard atmospheric pressure (at the surface of the earth), those are 273.15K and 373.15K (0 C and 100C, the freezing and boiling points, which define the Celsius degree, and therefore the Kelvin). For a given substance, the heat change per unit mass required for a phase transition is called the latent heat (of either fusion or vaporization) L. This means that
DQ = m L.
The latent heat of fusion (freezing) of water is 80 cal / g, and the latent heat of vaporization of water is 540 cal / g at 100 C. Note that the heat added or lost during a phase change does not affect the temperature during the phase change. Icewater is at 0 C until all of the water has frozen; when melting, it is at 0 C until all of the ice has melted. Likewise, water is at 100 C until all the water has boiled away; if the water / steam system is in a closed environment, the steam is at 100 C until the water has all evaporated.