簡阿業 發問時間: 汽車與交通航空器 · 1 0 年前

執勤飛航時,飛機與塔台聯繫用語

請問:有關一些航空用的術語,如:起飛時與塔台聯繫用語,或其他與聯繫塔台用語。

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    有關於 飛行組員 與 塔台航管人員 的 溝通術語 , 因為範圍很廣 , 我就簡單的列出幾項常用範例 ;

    通常是由 飛行員 提出申請 , 然後由 管制員 提供許可 ;

    組員在復誦許可時 , 最後要附上自己的呼號 .

    以下為 CI245 組員 與 高雄塔台人員 的模擬對話 ~

    許可頒發 ( Departure Clearance )

    航管許可內容包含下列數項:(需按照順序)

    1.航機呼號。

    2.許可限制點。

    3.標準儀器離場 (SID)。

    4.航路。

    5.到場路線。( 此項並不必然有 )。

    6.巡航高度。

    7.Squawk識別電碼。

    A. CI245 , KHH-TSA , FL190

    Kaoshung Delievery , CI245 At Bay10 , Request FL190 To TSA , With Information-A .

    CI245 , cleared to ZONLI DME FIX , via SHI-KANG one departure , W4 , ZONLI one arrival , maintain FL190 , sq1234.

    B. CI245 , KHH-HKG , FL350

    Kaoshung Delievery , CI245 At Bay10 , Request FL350 To HKG , With Information-C .

    CI245 , cleared to Hong Kong via Parpa 1 departure , G581 flight plan route , maintain FL350 , sq 4302.

    後推許可

    Kaoshung Ground , CI245 At Bay10 , Request Start Up & Push Back .

    CI245 , Clear to Start Up & Push Back , Face West , RWY09 .

    Clear to Start Up & Push Back , Face West , RWY09 , CI245 .

    滑行許可

    Kaoshung Ground , CI245 Request Taxi.

    CI245 , Clear to RWY09 Via Taxiway N5 , NC , Hold Short WC for Traffic .

    Clear to RWY09 Via Taxiway N5 , NC , Hold Short WC for Traffic , CI245 .

    CI245 , Continue Taxi RWY05 Via Taxiway NC , Hold Short RWY09 .

    Roger , Continue Taxi RWY05 Via Taxiway NC , Hold Short RWY09 , CI245 .

    起飛許可

    CI245 , Clear For Take Off RWY09 .

    Clear For Take Off RWY09 , CI245 .

    航管波道轉換

    CI245 , Contact KHH Departure 124.7 .

    Contact KHH Departure 124.7 , CI245 .

    進場許可

    進場許可要頒發正確,標準術語為:CLEARED (進場圖中所定名稱加跑道) APPROACH.

    Cleared ILS/DME RWY23R approach. (中正)

    Cleared VOR/DME RWY04 approach. ( 台東 )

    CLEARED Visual approach RWYXX. ( 頒發目視進場前要飛機報告看到機場 )

    落地許可

    CI245 , RWY 09 , Winds xxx at xx , QNH1013 , Continue approach.

    RWY 09 , Winds xx at xx , QNH1013 , Continue approach , CI245 .

    CI245, Wind xxx at xx , Cleared to land RWY09 .

    Cleared to land RWY09 , CI245 .

    ( 由於有 2000字 限制 , 到此即可 )

    2007-03-08 20:56:26 補充:

    To TG :

    你所提供的網站不錯哦 !

    只是 , 有些通訊連結無法接通 ...

    參考資料: ~ 飛行經驗談 ~
  • 匿名使用者
    5 年前

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://qoozoo201409150.pixnet.net/blog

  • ?
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    以Cessna 7560D, San Jose Airport起飛為例 :

    1) Get weather information ATIS: @126.95MHz

    "San Jose Airport information Alfa, 2047Zulu, wind from 300 at 15, altimeter 2996, temperature 20 dew point 15, few cloud at 5000, taxi way Mike closed, inform at initial contact, you have information Alfa."

    2) Departure Clearance delivery @180.00MHz

    Pilot) "San Jose Clearance, Cessna 7560D"

    ATC) "Cessna 7560D, go ahead"

    Pilot) "Cessna 7560D, VFR to south with Alfa"

    ATC)"Cessna 7560D, San Jose clearance, fly runway heading, maintain VFR, departing frequency 120.10, squawk 2045"

    Pilot) "Fly runway heading, maintain VFR, 120.10 and squawk 2045"

    ATC) "Cessna 7560D, read back is correct"

    3) Taxi Clearance to run-up area @121.70MHz

    Pilot) "San Jose Ground, Cessna 7560D, at San Jose Jet Center, taxi to runway 29 run-up area"

    Ground Control) "Cessna 7560D, following Piper, taxi to run-up"

    Pilot) " taxi to run-up following piper"

    Pilot) "San Jose ground, taxi to 29"

    Ground) "Taxi to 29"

    2007-03-08 09:44:45 補充:

    4) San Jose Tower Controller @ 120.70MHz

    Pilot) "San Jose Tower, Cessna 7560D, ready for take off"

    Tower) "Cessna 7560D, hold short for landing traffic"

    Pilot) "Holding short, Cessna 7560D"

    2007-03-08 09:46:00 補充:

    Tower) "Cessna 7560D, Cleared to take off, caution wake nurturance Boeing 747 departed 2 minutes ago"

    Pilot) "Cleared for take off 29, Cessna 7560D"

    Tower) "Cessna 7560D, radar contact, say altitude"

    Pilot) "500, Cessna 7560D"

    2007-03-08 09:46:39 補充:

    Pilot) "500, Cessna 7560D"

    Tower) "Cessna 7560D, turn heading 140"

    Pilot) "140, Cessna 7560D"

    Pilot) "Cessna 7560D, contact departure, have a good flight"

    2007-03-08 09:47:26 補充:

    5) Bay departure control @ 120.10MHZ

    Pilot) "Bay departure, Cessna 7560D, 1500, climbing to 3500"

    Departure) "Cessna 7560D, roger"

    Departure) "Cessna 7560D, traffic at 11 o'clock, at 2000 feet indicated 3 miles"

    2007-03-08 09:47:52 補充:

    Pilot) "traffic in sight, Cessna 7560D)

    Departure) "Cessna 7560D, additional traffic 2 o'clock 2 mile at 3000"

    Pilot) "Looking for traffic, Cessna 7560D"

    Departure) "Cessna 7560D, traffic no factor, resume own navigation"

    2007-03-08 09:48:22 補充:

    Pilot) "roger, resume own navigation, Cessna 7560D"

    Departure) "Cessna 7560D, radar service terminated, squawk 1200, frequency change approved, good day"

    Pilot) "Squawk VFR, good day"

    飛機起飛後, 塔台將飛機交給進場台接管, (如Taipei Approach),之後再交付區管中心(Taipei Center), 無線電的聯繫內容, 例如航向與高度的指示...等等

    2007-03-08 10:25:29 補充:

    塔台分4個席位 : 機場管制Local,地面管制Ground,許可頒發Delivery,資料席Data,每個席位使用頻率皆不同,有機會可以用無線電到機場聽聽看,或是在

    http://www.liveatc.net/

    網路上也可以聽得到喔!!

  • 四爺
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    http://www.rocatca.org.tw/rctp/CKSTWR1.htm

    中正機場塔台網站

    http://www.rocatca.org.tw/

    中華民國飛航管制員協會

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