Tomiko 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文句子的問題文法達人請幫我解答謝謝

3. His work on the project impressed his general manager, and he has been bragging about it ever since.

Q:請問since是連接詞為什麼可以擺句尾呢?此句也可以分別把ever since放在句首或句子中間嗎如下,有錯請指正

Ever since his work on the project impressed his general manager, he has been bragging about it .

He has been bragging about it ever since his work on the project impressed his general manager.

請問我可以把原句的he has been bragging about it 改成he has bragged about it 嗎這樣意思會變得如何?

4. Neither this year/s software version nor that of the last year is compatible with the four-year-old desk-top computer.

Q:請問此題的nor為啥不能用or?此句的that是指去年的software version嗎?that of the last year可以換成last year/s software version併入原句中嗎?若不行也麻煩說明原因謝謝

5.When male flight attendants are on duty , they are required to wear a suit and tie.

Q:請問when為什麼不能用while呢?

P.S.請各位大大就我的問題回答,每個人的回答我都會參考,會選出最貼切的答案喔

第四題 this year/s是(今年的...)的意思,因我會有亂碼所以用/當作丿

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    3. His work on the project impressed his general manager, and he has been bragging about it ever since.

    (他在該計畫的工作令總經理印象深刻,而自此之後他一直對該事吹噓不已。)

    > ever since 自此之後

    是時間副詞,也和today/tomorrow/yesterday等時間副詞一樣,被放在句末,不同的是ever since 多半都發生在表達持續進行的完成式句子中。

    結構: S have/has/had been Ving ever since

    Q: 此句也可以分別把ever since放在句首或句子中間嗎如下,有錯請指正

    a) Ever since his work on the project impressed his general manager, he has been bragging about it.

    b) He has been bragging about it ever since his work on the project impressed his general manager.

    你這兩個句子是正確的,只是ever since的詞性不是時間副詞,而是連接詞,接一個句子來表示時間副詞的功能。

    結構: Ever since+ 句子, 主要句子

    = 主要句子 ever since + 句子

    Q: 請問我可以把原句的he has been bragging about it 改成he has bragged about it 嗎這樣意思會變得如何?

    > He has been bragging about it. (完成進行式)

    表示動作已經完成過,但是還在持續中。

    > He has bragged about it. (完成式)

    表示動作已經完成了,沒有表達還在沒有持續中。

    所以,如果搭配ever since (自此之後)

    (誤/怪) He has bragged about it ever since. (自此之後他已經吹噓過了。)

    這句話語意上怪怪,

    (正) He has been bragging about it ever since. (自此之後他一直吹噓不已。)

    4. Neither this year/s software version nor that of the last year is compatible with the four-year-old desk-top computer.

    (直譯:既非今年的軟體也非去年的軟體能和這台四年的桌上型電腦相容。)

    (語譯:不論是今年的軟體或是去年的軟體都不能和這台四年的桌上型電腦相容。)

    Q:請問此題的nor為啥不能用or?

    Neither A nor B 是片語 既非A也非B

    Q:此句的that是指去年的software version嗎? that of the last year可以換成the last year/s software version併入原句中嗎?

    英文習慣用 this /that 來表達時間的前後發生的事物,所以

    this year>s software version今年的軟體

    the last year>s software version 去年的軟體

    = that of the last year

    (用that 來取代 that software version,裡面that指涉相對時間點發生較早)

    所以用the last year>s software version 也可以,只是英文習慣用代名詞,讓文字精簡。

    5. When male flight attendants are on duty, they are required to wear a suit and tie.

    (當男空服員執勤中,他們被要求穿西裝配上領帶。)

    Q:請問when為什麼不能用while呢?

    While 和When最大的差別是 While常常接過去進行式,但是when只是接簡單過去式。但是,這並非絕對,你這句話改成

    While male flight attendants are on duty, they are required to wear a suit and tie.

    照樣行得通,理由在於While表達,動作持續中的時間副詞,on duty本句的語意也隱涵著動作仍在持續中,所以,改成while是沒有錯誤的。

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