鍾小一 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文翻譯成中文

When the death penalty is a tradition in a country, why should it change? What right do others, from wealthy countries, have to criticise national traditions and impose their own values?

All countries have their own cultures and traditions, and the death penalty was at one time practiced in most countries of the world. Human rights, however, are universal and inalienable, deriving from aspirations agreed by all societies – aspirations such as human dignity and the sanctity of human life.

All too often the cultural or national traditions argument is invoked by authoritarian regimes to justify their own positions and has nothing to do with cultural diversity or the traditions of a particular people.

The so-called wealthy countries are not a uniform group. Their traditions vary widely and have led to considerable differences in the speed with which human rights standards have been achieved. For instance, although it had abolished the death penalty de facto for decades, the United Kingdom ratified Protocol No. 6 in 1999, later than numerous other Council of Europe States, among them Moldova, Georgia, Portugal and Iceland. Those countries that have abolished the death penalty have adapted their practices to international standards, and there is no reason any country in which humans live should not apply these standards. All humans are equally worthy – no matter where they live.

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  • frank
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    當死刑是一個國家的傳統時,為什麼要改變?富裕國家的人們有什麼權利,可以批評其它國家的傳統,並且強加以他們的價值觀?

    所有的國家都有自己的文化和傳統,而死刑一度存在於世界上大部份的國家中。然而,人權具有普世價值且不容許被剝奪,是來自全體人類社會的共同渴望,這些渴望像是人的尊嚴及生命的神聖。

    獨裁政權拿文化或國家傳統的爭議來證明地位(權力)的例子,屢見不鮮。而這些都與文化多元性,或者特殊族群的傳統無關。

    所謂的富國其實也不是一致的。他們之間的傳統差別很大,且達到人權標準的速度也有很大歧異。例如,雖然死刑在數十年前已經癈除,英%9

    2007-03-12 22:58:03 補充:

    (傳輸錯誤)

    例如,雖然死刑在數十年前已經癈除,英國直到1999年才正式批准六號草案,比起多數其它歐州國家會議的國家,像是摩爾達維亞、喬治亞共和國、葡萄牙和冰島都來得晚。那些已癈除死刑的國家,改變他們自己的作法,與國際標準相同。因此,任何國家沒有理由不能適用同樣標準。所有人類,不管居住在何處,都應有同等的價值。

    ps: 我盡力了,但我不確定怎麼翻 aspiration 較恰當

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