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溫溫 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

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When Cultures Meet

Tipping

Tipping can be a mystery for people living in countries where this practice is uncommon. Unfortunately, there is no general rule for tipping that applies to every country where a gratuity is expected.

In most of Northeast Asia, tipping is not as common as it is in places like the US and Canada, where tips are expected in restaurant, taxis, and salons, to name a few. Restaurant tipping in Europe is also not uncommon, though the amount is often less than the 10-15% that is common is the US and Canada.

There are some establishments that add a service charge to the bill, which takes the place of a tip. Many guests may ask about local tipping customs, and it’s important to be able to explain them.

Giving Change

Giving change is an important part of many types of services, and there are several different ways of doing it. In places like Korea and Japan, money is often put on a small tray for the customer to receive. It is sometimes viewed as impolite to hand someone money directly.

Some other cultures put money directly on the counter, but this is disliked in many parts of Europe. In the US and Canada, the most polite ways of giving change is to count the money aloud while putting it directly into the hand of the customer. This shows the customer that the change is all there and ensures that no mistake has been made.

Taxes of Goods and Services

Many countries have different taxes that are added to various goods and services. In the United States, each state has its own separate state sales tax, which generally runs between 5-8%. Japan’s consumption tax is 5%, and Singapore’s 3%. Canada has both a goods and services tax (GST)

and a provincial sales tax (PST) on many items.

In addition to these government taxes, many establishments charge a value added tax (VAT) in addition to other kinds of service charges. Since these vary from place to place, it is important to be able to explain them to guests and customers, as they can sometimes by confusing.

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    當不同文化交會時

    給小費

    對不住在有給小費文化國家的人來說,給小費還真是個謎.很不幸地,每個國家對於給小費並沒有一定的規定.

    在大部份東北亞國家來說,給小費並不像美國與加拿大一樣普遍,在美加,餐廳,計程車,美容院,還有其他很多,都要給小費.在歐洲的餐廳用餐,給小費也很普遍,但總額比美加的10倒15%要來的低.

    也有地方是收服務費的,那就取代了小費.許多客人都會詢問當地付小費的習慣,能解釋給他們聽也很重要.

    找錢

    找錢是許多類型服務的重要一環,同時也有很多方式.像在韓國和日本,找錢都常都放在一個小盤子上再給客人.有時直接把錢遞給別人的行為被認為是不禮貌的.

    有些其他的文化則直接把錢放在櫃台上,但這在歐洲許多地方就不受歡迎.在美國和加拿大,最有禮貌的找錢方式就是在把錢直接遞給客人的同時,在客人面前大聲地數錢.這是為了給客人看找的錢都在那,且確保數目無誤.

    貨物稅與服務稅

    許多國家都有加諸於貨物與服務上之不同的稅.在美國,每一州都有其州營業稅,大概是5到8%.日本的消費稅是5%.新加坡是3%.加拿大則貨物稅與服務稅(GST)都有,及對許多物品都有省營業稅(PST).

    除了政府稅外,許多公司還在其他服務收費之外多收了一個加值稅(VAT).既然各地的稅都不一樣,對客人與客戶解釋就變得很重要,因為他們有時也會搞不清楚.

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