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鍾小一 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前


The death penalty violates fundamental human rights. Protocol No. 6 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“European Convention on Human Rights”) clearly embodies European standards, providing for the abolition of the death penalty in times of peace. At the international level, the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights provides for the total abolition of the death penalty, but allows states parties to retain the death penalty in time of war if they make a reservation to that effect at the time of ratifying or acceding to the Protocol.

The Council of Europe is now starting work on a new Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights abolishing the death penalty also in times of war. The death penalty is in clear violation of the internationally recognize sed right to life as well the right not to be subject ed to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment.Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights (especially the landmark Soering case) shows that the “death-row phenomenon” amounts to inhuman and degrading treatment in violation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The cruelty of this punishment is not limited to the brutality of the killing itself, but also to the mental and physical rigours of waiting for execution. In addition, the death penalty is often applied in an unfair, arbitrary and discriminatory manner; it is used disproportionately against the poor, minorities and members of racial, ethnic and religious communities.

2 個解答

  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    死刑違犯根本人權。協議第6 對歐洲大會為保護人權和根本自由("歐洲大會在人權") 清楚地實現歐洲標準, 提供死刑的廢止在和平時候。在國際水平, 第二個任意協議對國際盟約在公民和政治權利提供死刑的總廢止, 但允許狀態黨及時戰爭的保留死刑如果他們安排預定對那個作用在批准或同意之時對協議。歐洲理事會現在開始在一個新協議的工作對歐洲大會在人權並且廢除死刑在戰爭時候。死刑國際上是在清楚的侵害認出sed 對生活權利不是附屬的編輯對殘暴, 人權(特別是地標Soering 事例) 歐洲法院的殘忍和貶低的treatment.Jurisprudence 顯示那"死亡列現象" 數額對殘忍和貶低的治療違反文章3 歐洲大會在人權。這項處罰慘暴對等待的施行精神和物理嚴峻不被限制對殺害的殘酷, 而且。另外, 死刑經常被申請以不合理, 任意和差別對待的方式; 它不均衡地被使用反對種族, 種族和宗教社區的貧寒、少數和成員。

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  • 1 0 年前


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