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奕廷 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

有關溫室效應一段文章的翻譯‧‧part4

• I’ve heard satellite(人造衛星) data contradict(反駁) other evidence(跡象) of global warming.

Until recently, conflicting studies suggested that temperatures measured by satellites revealed a slight cooling trend, where as the surface temperature record showed a warming trend. This confounded the global warming issue. Satellites began measurements in 1979 and the surface temperature record, which reveals global warming of about 1°F, dates back to about 1860. Satellites take temperatures through vertical slices of the atmosphere, not at the surface. Satellite measurements are also known to be influenced by ozone layer depletion, which has caused cooling of the upper atmosphere. For these and other reasons, satellite and surface data are not expected to be a perfect match. Nevertheless, the discrepancy between the two data sets was too large to be ignored. Then scientists discovered they neglected some measurement and calibration problems with the satellites, including the fact that satellites were falling from their orbits, which produced an artificial cooling trend. Correcting the satellite data for these problems revealed a small warming trend. These corrections — though not the last word on the satellite vs. surface discrepancy — bring the satellite record into better agreement with surface measurements. Any remaining discrepancies do not invalidate the fact that surface temperatures are rising.

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    聽過衛星(人造衛星)數據反駁(反駁)其他證據(跡象)全球變暖. 直到最近,研究提出矛盾衛星測量顯示溫度稍微冷卻趨勢 那裡的地表溫度記錄顯示了變暖趨勢. 這混淆全球變暖問題. 從1979年開始在衛星表面溫度測量記錄,揭示全球變暖約1°F號 追溯到大約1860. 氣溫垂直片通過衛星把氣氛,不要在表面. 衛星測量也稱受到臭氧層耗竭,致使冷卻上層大氣. 基於這些和其他原因,衛星和地面觀測數據我們並不預期會配合得天衣無縫. 然而,這兩個數據差距太大,實在不容忽視. 然後科學家發現它們忽略了一些問題與衛星測量和校準, 事實上,包括從高空軌道衛星,製作人為趨冷. 糾正這些問題,衛星數據顯示一個小變暖的趨勢. 這些更正--雖然不是硬道理對衛星與地面歧義-使衛星進入紀錄 協議更好地測量. 其餘任何事實有出入無礙於表面溫度升高.

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