? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

to be+ed是什麼意思?是被動嗎?還是過去式?如何分別?

請問:

1.School age plans to be unveiled.

to be unveiled 為什麼要加ed,中文是學齡計畫即將揭曉,那這是被動式嗎?可是被動式不是am/is/are +pp 嗎?be也是嗎?

2.Plans to encourage young people to continue with school or training until they are 18 years old are to be detailed by the government later.

為什麼plan要加s?

及to be detailed為什麼要加ed, 也是被動嗎?

3.A Green Paper is expected to reveal if the government thinks pupils should be legally forced to stay in education.

is expected 這個是被動式嗎?

及forced 這個單字應該不是過去式吧?

謝謝囉~

2 個解答

評分
  • 慈眉
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1.School age plans to be unveiled.

    to be unveiled 為什麼要加ed,中文是學齡計畫即將揭曉,那這是被動式嗎?可是被動式不是am/is/are +pp 嗎?be也是嗎?

    答:我想你現在寫的這句不是一句一般的句子,恐怕是一句新聞標題,因此它不能用一般句子來分析,因為新聞標題常會有一些省略

    以School age plans to be unveiled.這句來說,本來完整的句子應該要寫成School age plans are going to be unveiled.(未來的被動)

    主詞「Plans」計劃不會是主動的,是被人揭曉的,因此be動詞+Ved作為被動,但原句應是「即將被揭曉」,而即將是be going to,to後面接原形動詞,所以變成to be unveiled

    2.2.Plans to encourage young people to continue with school or training until they are 18 years old are to be detailed by the government later.

    為什麼plan要加s?

    及to be detailed為什麼要加ed, 也是被動嗎?

    答:因為有包含好幾個計劃,為複數所以是加s 。毫無疑問to be detailed的確是被動,理由和問題1一模一樣,

    但老實說,這句話不是標題,按理應該要寫are going to be detailed才正確,為何會省掉going to不得而知。

    3.A Green Paper is expected to reveal if the government thinks pupils should be legally forced to stay in education.

    is expected 這個是被動式嗎?

    及forced 這個單字應該不是過去式吧?

    答:主詞Green Paper是物,和plan一樣不會用主動式,所以動詞一樣要用被動,is expected被期待(被人預期)

    而forced一樣是被動,think後面的句子pupils should be legally forced.....,主詞「小學生」應該依法被強迫留在教育制度內

    be (legally) force是被動式。

    供您參考

    參考資料: 自己
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  • T C H
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    全部是被動

    1.跟2.基本上一模一樣

    1.Plans to be unveiled.

    2.Plans to be detailed by the government later.

    計畫當然是被公開被公佈

    3.A Green Paper is expected 也是被動

    一張紙不會主動預期

    pupils be forced 也是被動

    小學生被強迫

    參考資料: myself
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