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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

幫我翻譯以下的英文( 用翻譯軟體ok但請盡量偏向原意)

Elections in Southeast Asia, as in most of the Asian African world, have accompanied, rather than been a consequence of the rise of the modern bureaucratic states, the idea of the nation, capitalism, and in industrialization as happened historically in Europe and North America. Therefore, the “burden” elections are expected to carry in Southeast Asian history is much greater than in European and American history. This is an essential point about the context of elections in the region. Election in Southeast Asia also developed when several models of electoral life were available-American two party presidential, soviet one party communist, European multiparty parliamentary.

請翻譯中文,盡量切意,謝謝

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Elections in Southeast Asia, as in most of the Asian African world, have accompanied, rather than been a consequence of the rise of the modern bureaucratic states, the idea of the nation, capitalism, and in industrialization as happened historically in Europe and North America.

    Therefore, the “burden” elections are expected to carry in Southeast Asian history is much greater than in European and American history. This is an essential point about the context of elections in the region.

    Election in Southeast Asia also developed when several models of electoral life were available-American two party presidential, soviet one party communist, European multiparty parliamentary.

    東南亞國家的民主政治(甚至是多數亞非國家的民主政治),它與西方國家的民主政治是截然不同的。

    因為西方國家民主制度(選舉)的誕生,是由於:現代官僚體系的發展、國族意識的抬頭、資本主義或是工業化的成功,等等因素所自然衍生而來的成果。

    而東南亞國家的民主政治,並非由上述原因所自然誕生。這就是,為什麼東南亞國家的醜聞選舉或是醜聞政治,比西方國家多的根本原因。

    相較於目前世界上的許多民主型態:美國的兩黨總統制、共產國家的一黨專政、歐洲的多黨議會政治;東南亞國家的醜聞政治儼然已自成一格,發展成另一種民主模式了。

    註1: election 直譯為 選舉;本篇意譯為 民主政治。

    註2: “burden” 因本文是節錄一段文章,相信在本段落外,本文作者另有定義。姑且譯為 醜聞政治或醜聞選舉。

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