Darryl 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文句子改錯

1. The advertsing magnate, accusing of siphoning money, had concealed the stolen funds in hidden accounts.

2. Comparing with last year, reported earnings in the fourth quarter increased 48 percent despite repeated rumors to the contrary.

3. Mr. Jacobs, suffered from jet lag, made a decision which was considered unfortunate by all concerned.

以上錯誤的地方為

1. accusing

2. Comparing

3. suffered from jet lag

請英文高手幫我解釋一下錯誤的地方好嗎?

1 個解答

評分
  • BABOO
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    英文句子改錯

    1. The advertsing magnate, accusing of siphoning money, had concealed the stolen funds in hidden accounts.

    2. Comparing with last year, reported earnings in the fourth quarter increased 48 percent despite repeated rumors to the contrary.

    3. Mr. Jacobs, suffered from jet lag, made a decision which was considered unfortunate by all concerned.

    以上錯誤的地方為

    1. accusing

    2. Comparing

    3. suffered from jet lag

    答:

    以上三題都是分詞片語使用的錯誤,要了解這些錯誤,必須了解原始的子句結構,分析如下:

    1. The advertsing magnate, accusing of siphoning money, had concealed the stolen funds in hidden accounts.

    原句:The advertising magnate, who was accused of siphoning money, had concealed the stolen funds in hidden accounts.

    = The advertising magnate, accused of siphoning money, had concealed the stolen funds in hidden accounts.

    因為原來的關係子句中的accuse是被動式寫法。所以改為分詞片語時,必須用過去分詞。其他兩題的情形一樣。如下:

    2. Comparing with last year, reported earnings in the fourth quarter increased 48 percent despite repeated rumors to the contrary.

    原句:2. As they were compared with last year, reported earnings in the fourth quarter increased 48 percent despite repeated rumors to the contrary.

    = Compared with last year, reported earnings in the fourth quarter increased 48 percent despite repeated rumors to the contrary.

    把原來的從屬子句As they were compared with last year, 改為分詞構句,Compared with last year, 因為是被動式,所以用過去分詞。

    3. Mr. Jacobs, suffered from jet lag, made a decision which was considered unfortunate by all concerned.

    原句:Mr. Jacobs, who suffered from jet lag, made a decision which was considered unfortunate by all concerned.

    = Mr. Jacobs, suffering from jet lag, made a decision which was considered unfortunate by all concerned.

    本句中的suffer是vi,不及物動詞,原來的關係子句是who suffered from...,改為分詞片語,就變成suffering from ,用現在分詞。

    參考資料: 本人
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