有關於fed的英文介紹~看不太懂~~<急>20點

BANKING AND COMMERCE: the Fed opposes permitting nonbank firms to compete with banks,a position that supports the interests of large banks,and also limits regulatory competition with Fed. Minmium subordinated debt requirement for large banks: Despite widespread evidence supporting the view that such a... 顯示更多 BANKING AND COMMERCE:
the Fed opposes permitting nonbank firms to compete with banks,a position that supports the interests of large banks,and also limits regulatory competition with Fed.

Minmium subordinated debt requirement for large banks:
Despite widespread evidence supporting the view that such a requirement would boost prudential regulatory and supervisory discipline,some of which was produced by Fed staff,the Fed killed this initiative,due to opposition from the large banks.

Fannie and Freddie pre 2000:
Fed officials and researchers were silent during the early phase of the reform efforts involving these Government Sponsored Enterprises because of the perceived political risks.

其中最不了解的是最後一個Fannie and Freddie到底是什麼意思~找都找不到
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