Niyu 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問語言學的互補分布/對比分布/自由變異是什麼

互補分布 Complementary Distribution

對比分布 Contrastive Distribution

自由變異 Free Variation

已更新項目:

可以幫我介紹詳細一點有舉例更好 感恩^^

2 個已更新項目:

所以說 Complementary Distribution就是同一個phoneme的allophone

而Contrastive Distribution就是不同phoneme的不同allophone

這樣對嗎~~

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. 互補分布 Complementary Distribution

    The occurrence of sounds in a language such they are never found in the same phonetic environment. Sounds that are in complementary distinction are allophones of the same phoneme.

    互補分布是指說同為一個phoneme的allophones,不會同時存在。像是pat [phat]中的p,只會發[ph]的音,並不會同時也發[p]的音。

    2. 對比分布 Contrastive Distribution

    The occurrence of sounds in a language such that their use distinguishes between the meanings of two words in which they appear, indicating that those sounds are phonemes of the language in question.

    在對比分布裡,一定找的到minimal pair (最小辨異組)。像是pat& cat& mat,第一個音皆不同。

    3. 自由變異 Free Variation

    Term used to refer to two sounds that occur in overlapping environments but cause no distinction in the meaning of their respective words.

    簡單說就是類似*破音字*,一字多音,像是[lip] and [liph] 同為leap的發音。

    ●[p]旁的h是送氣的符號,應該略小偏右上,但是打不出來一樣的,將就一下吧!

    參考資料: 自己+Language Files
  • yerke
    Lv 4
    4 年前

    Contrastive Distribution

    參考資料: https://shrink.im/a0Hdw
  • 9 年前

    hi Apple

    請問可以給我您的連絡資料嗎

    我還是有些地方搞不太清楚耶...

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