? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

翻譯王~英翻中 替代飼料

  A major emphasis on ethanol production in the US has led to the construction of new ethanol plants and an increased production of distillers dried grains plus solubles (DDGS).

In the past DDGS came largely from the beverage industry and consisted of several grains used during fermentation.

Recently, a majority of the DDGS produced is from corn fermentation for ethanol production.

Little research has been conducted to test the use of this new generation DDGS from modern ethanol plants in laying hen diets. Hy-line W-36 laying hens were used to test an elevated inclusion level of DDGS from modern ethanol plants that can be incorporated into layer diets.

Hens were fed a commercial or low-density diet formulated to contain 0 or 15% DDGS for 25 to 43 wk of age. No differences were observed in the majority of parameters evaluated between hens fed 0% or 15% DDGS.

However, there was a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in hen-day egg

production through 35 wk of age when hens were fed the low-density diet with 15% DDGS. Hens fed the commercial diet with 15% DDGS had numerically lower egg production to 32 wk of age, but this was not statistically significant.

Distillers dried grains plus solubles proved to be an acceptable feed ingredient for laying hen diets. A suggested maximal inclusion level of 10 to 12% DDGS, based on these data and previous research, may be used in commercial diets, but it is speculated that DDGS should be incorporated at lower levels in low-density diets.

Key words: distillers dried grains plus solubles, laying hen, egg quality, egg production

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  • 東東
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    A major emphasis on ethanol production in the US has led to the construction of new ethanol plants and an increased production of distillers dried grains plus solubles (DDGS).

    在美國掀起波瀾的乙醇話題已經帶動了乙醇植物的生產以及含可溶物乾燥酒粕(DDGS)的量產。

    In the past DDGS came largely from the beverage industry and consisted of several grains used during fermentation.

    在過去,DDGS大都自釀酒業製造,且含有多種發酵後的穀物。

    Recently, a majority of the DDGS produced is from corn fermentation for ethanol production.

    近來,DDGS的主要來源是自乙醇工業的發酵玉米所製造。

    Little research has been conducted to test the use of this new generation DDGS from modern ethanol plants in laying hen diets.

    很少有研究去測試這些來自玉米的DDGS,作為雞隻飼料的效果。

    Hy-line W-36 laying hens were used to test an elevated inclusion level of DDGS from modern ethanol plants that can be incorporated into layer diets.

    Hy-line W-36(品種名?)雞隻被用來測試來自乙醇植物的雞隻飼料,其DDGS內升含量(elevated inclusion level of DDGS )。

    Hens were fed a commercial or low-density diet formulated to contain 0 or 15% DDGS for 25 to 43 wk of age.

    自25週齡至43週齡之間,以含有0至15%DDGS的工業用或低密度( low-density diet )處方餵食雞隻。

    No differences were observed in the majority of parameters evaluated between hens fed 0% or 15% DDGS.

    在這些雞隻之間,並沒有觀察到顯著性的變化。

    However, there was a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in hen-day egg

    production through 35 wk of age when hens were fed the low-density diet with 15% DDGS.

    然而,以含有15%DDGS的低密度飼料餵食,雞隻於35週齡時所下的蛋有顯著性的減少(P < 0.05)。

    Hens fed the commercial diet with 15% DDGS had numerically lower egg production to 32 wk of age, but this was not statistically significant.

    以15%DDGS的工業用DDGS餵食的雞隻在32週齡時,產蛋的數量有減少,但未達統計的顯著性。

    Distillers dried grains plus solubles proved to be an acceptable feed ingredient for laying hen diets.

    由此可知,含可溶物乾燥酒粕對飼料雞來說,是可接受的飼料成分。

    A suggested maximal inclusion level of 10 to 12% DDGS, based on these data and previous research, may be used in commercial diets, but it is speculated that DDGS should be incorporated at lower levels in low-density diets.

    根據上述的研究和數據顯示,在工業用飼料中,DDGS的最大含量介於10至12%之間,而對於低密度飼料來說,DDGS的含量應該要稍低一些。

    參考資料: me!
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  • 1 0 年前

    laying hen 及layer都應翻成產蛋雞,low-density diets指低熱能含量的飼糧。Hy-line W-36 laying hens ,海蘭W-36產蛋雞,一種高產的來亨雞品系。

    Hens were fed a commercial or low-density diet formulated to contain 0 or 15% DDGS for 25 to 43 wk of age.

    這句應翻成:對於25-43週齡的母雞分別餵於一般商業飼糧及混合0-15% DDGS的低熱能飼糧。

    2008-12-19 19:09:05 補充:

    However, there was a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in hen-day egg

    production through 35 wk of age when hens were fed the low-density diet with 15% DDGS.

    然而,餵飼15%DDGS低熱能飼糧之處理組,在35週齡時的隻日產蛋率顯著降低。

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