Moon 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

by的相關用法

(1)介係詞by有幾種解釋??

(2)解釋的相關文法和例句??

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1.簡單介系詞:"被"的意思

    2.by=not later than 表示某是發生在某一特定時刻,或此特定時刻之前。

    Eg: Faye will return the DVD by 6 p.m. on Monday.

    例: 費在星期一下午6點中之前要歸還這片DVD。

    >>表示不能睌於星期一晚上6點鐘。

    3.by=beside 在....旁邊, 靠近

    Eg: Dee is going to sit by/beside me.蒂要坐在我旁邊。

    (1)by 後面接名詞、代名詞或動名詞,不能用不定詞。表示手段,用以回答how的問題。

    Scot learned English by reading a lot.

    In Natasha slimming down by jogging or swimming?

    Del made a reservation by emailing the hotel.

    (2)by表示書寫、作曲、作畫的人物。

    a book (written) by Brooke.布魯克寫的書

    a concerto(composed) by Mozart莫札特創作的協奏曲

    a sketch by Leonardo de Vinci達文西畫的素描

    (3)by表示某事完成的方式,譯為靠、用、通過。

    by mail用郵寄的方式

    by email用電子郵件

    by phone用電話的方式

    (4)by表示人或物旅行用的交通方式

    by car開車

    by bus 撘公車

    (5)by表示某事發生的原因或肇事者,有被或由的意思,常用於被動式。

    The mess was made by John, not Bess.

    The math problem that had confused Jenny was solved by Penny.

    (6)by表示再某個特定時間或日期之前(before或until),意為不遲於;在….之前。

    Our attempt to seek out new comets will start by the end of the week.

    (7)by表示靠近某人或某物(beside或close to),意為在…旁邊;靠近;在…手邊。

    Put the plastic dinosaur by the door.

    (8)by的慣用語

    逐一地

    day by day 逐日地

    little by little逐漸地

    靠自己

    by yourself靠你自己

    by myself 靠我自己

    靠運氣、失誤

    by mistake因為錯誤

    by luck 出於好運

    順便一提 by the way

    依照某種標準

    by modern standards依照現代表準

    by any standards依照任何標準

    希望對你有幫助

    參考資料: 英文文法全書 寂天出版社
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 1 0 年前

    1.被動

    The cake was made by John.

    2. 交通工具

    I go to school by bus/taxi. = I go to school on a bus/ in a taxi.

    3.單位

    Sugar was sold by the pound.

    4.片語

    pass by, stand by, etc.

    2007-04-28 19:19:38 補充:

    5.介係詞:在...之前(時間上)

    The building will have been constructed by 10 a.m. tomorrow.

    參考資料: me
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 1 0 年前

    1. by在被動句中 表示~行為者是誰

    ex. The homework was assigned by the teacher.

    2. by 交通工具 "不"加冠詞

    ex. He came by boat.

    參考資料: me & 字典
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。