黃朵朵 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文翻譯 英翻中

Other Medications Primarily an anti-hypertensive,Clonidine may reduce withdrawal symptoms related to various addictions. It was effective when compared with placebo, but has significant side effects.Lobeline has been widely used in smoking cessation, however when reviewed,no studies of sufficient quality were identified.A range of anxiolytic and antidepressant medications has been tested for effectiveness in smoking cessation. Of these, only Bupropion was found to be effective when compared with placebo or NRT.Mecamylamine is a specific nicotine antagonist, and the evidence indicates it is effective in reducing the desire to smoke. Follow up Assessment and Procedures Due to the long-term nature of treatment and the risk of relapse over time follow up is important.Additionally the complexity of nicotine addiction and the variety of therapies available suggests follow up strategies be considered a standard component of smoking cessation interventions. Motivational Strategies When planning and applying smoking cessation interventions the role of personal motivation should be considered. Although the benefits from quitting smoking are considerable, the level of commitment required to attempt to quit is also considerable. For a variety of reasons patients will defer the decision to stop smoking or make no commitment at all.Motivational strategies for quitting include concepts such as relevance, risks, rewards and repetition.The information provided to the patient should be relevant to their disease status, health concerns and social situation. Acute and long-term risks to the patient and environmental risks to others should be highlighted. The rewards of improved health, money saving, increased feeling of wellbeing, better health of spouse and children, freedom from addiction and rewards specific to the patient should also be emphasised. Motivational strategies should be repeated at each follow up visit.

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    主要的其他藥物一反高血壓,克隆尼丁可能降低與各種各樣的癮有關的收回症狀。 當與安慰劑相比較時,它有效, 但是有重要的邊effects.Lobeline已經被廣泛地在戒煙過程中使用, 但是當被評論時,沒有足夠的質量的研究是anxiolytic的identified.A範圍,抗抑郁的藥物已經被在戒煙過程中為效力測試。 這些, 只有Bupropion 發現有效什麼時候與安慰劑或者NRT.Mecamylamine相比較在具體反對者尼古丁, 並且證據表明吸煙是在降低願望過程中有效的。 由於處理的長期的本性和復發的危險超時追蹤評價和程式 追蹤在important.Additionally 癮和那些種類的可提供的治療的複雜性那兒的尼古丁的建議追蹤策略被考慮標準組成部分的干涉戒煙的。 動機策略什麼時候計畫並且使用戒煙個人的動力的角色考慮的干涉。 雖然來自戒煙的好處是相當多的,但是要求試圖辭職的承諾的水準也相當多。 因種種原因病患 將延遲停止吸煙或者打沒有承諾在all.Motivational 策略適合辭職的決定包括象關聯性那樣的概念, 危險,報酬和repetition.The 訊息在病患提供應該在他們疾病地位相關,健康關係到和社會情勢。 病患和其它人的環境危險的厲害和長期的危險應該被強調。 儲蓄的改進的健康,錢的報酬,增加福祉的感覺, 配偶和孩子的身體健康,免除僅限于病患的癮和報酬也應該被強調。 動機的策略被對每跟隨重複向上訪問

    參考資料: dr.eye
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