Tony 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

principle的問題

Honesty is one of the principles by which Andrew lives his life.

請問這邊的which為何出現 by

請告訴我好嗎

3q

3 個解答

評分
  • 心星
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Honesty is one of the principles by which Andrew lives his life.

    請問這邊的which為何出現 by

    原因是which是one of the principles的關係代名詞,並用作連接詞,把兩個語意相關的句子連接起來變成一個句子。如:

    Andrew lives his lives by many principles.

    Honesty is one of them.

    當利用關係代名詞連接這兩個句子就可以寫成:

    Honesty is one of the priciples by which Andrew lives his life.

    這句子的意思是說誠實是安德魯的生活準則之一,而這which所代表的生活準則是要被 Andrew 依循去生活的,所以這裡要把 by 放回在which前面。就如:

    I bought this book from that bookstore.

    The bookstore is next to my house.

    That bookstore next to my house is the bookstore from where I bought this book.

    就像這例子中的 where 是 the bookstore 的關代用來做連接詞,由於它原句子中所提的bookstore我是從(from)那裡買到這本書的,所以在連接句中必須還原 from 表示我是從(from) where做 I bought this book 這件事的。

  • 狐狸
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    live by為片語...指的是以...過活

    這裡指的是他生活的原則

    還原成為:

    1.Honesty is one of the priciples.

    2.Andrew lives his life by the principles.

    principles為先行詞

    合併成為

    =>Honesty is one of the principles which Andrew lives his life by.

    在寫關係子句時有一個習慣...

    就是當動詞片語中的介系詞寫在關係子句時...

    避免放在句末..所以將by往前移

    =>Honesty is one of the principles by which Andrew lives his life.

    會有by主要是因為live by這個片語的關係

    參考資料: Myself
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    因為by當介係詞用,只是被提到前面而已

    原句:Honesty is one of the principles which Andrew lives ''by'' his life.

    參考資料: 自己
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