mii 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

cost用法

問題一 : The snack cost Amy NT$50 (動詞用spend改寫 )

問題二 : The water costs NT$8500(用it當虛主詞改寫)

問題三 : cost的用法 請給例句

問題四 : 不定代名詞

問題五 : 什麼時候用 some of many of most of 請給例句

ex: 總共有6個男生 只有3個男生有單車 是要用??

已更新項目:

從屬連接詞 when before after請給例句

他睡覺前會先刷牙

他跟peter當朋友之後感覺很快樂

他吃飯前會先洗手

she washed her hands before she ate

=Beforeb she ate , she washed her hands

2 個解答

評分
  • Johnny
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    問題一 : The snack cost Amy NT$50 (動詞用spend改寫 )

    =Amy spent NT$50 on the snack.

    = Amy spent NT$50 buying the snack.

    問題二 : The water costs NT$8500(用it當虛主詞改寫)

    =It costs me NT$8500 to buy the water.

    問題三 : cost的用法 請給例句

    基本上,這種句型最常和spend&take同時使用,只是主詞和花費的東西不同而改變,如下:

    人 spend 時間/金錢 on 事物

    人 spend 時間/金錢 V-ing

    人 take 時間/金錢 toV

    事物 take 人(受格) 時間 toV

    =It takes 人 時間 toV

    事物 cost 人 金錢 to V

    =It costs 人 金錢 toV

    E.g.1.: (金錢類)

    I spend NT$500 on the shirt.

    =I spend NT$500 buying the shirt.

    = I take NT$500 to buy the shirt.

    = The shirt costs me NT$500 (to buy).

    = It costs me NT$500 to buy the shirt.

    解釋:用take就是單純接上toV(不定詞),但是用spend(花費),因為只有人會花費金錢或時間,因此只能以人當主詞,且後面一定要接V-ing,或是用"on 事物",因為"on"本身就含有"買東西、花~在某某東西上",因此不需要再用buy。而cost的中文本身是"價值",因此只有東西有價格,因此本來就要和金錢搭配,後面也用toV。

    E.g. 2 : (時間類)

    I spend fifteen minutes going to school.

    =I take fifteen minutes to go to school.

    = Going to school takes me fifteen minutes.

    = It takes me fifteen minutes to go to school.

    解釋:和上面有些不同的是,如果用spend,那麼第一句後面盡量不要用"on going to school",因為這種較少用,但不是一定不可以用,因此我並沒有代換上去。而V-ing(動名詞)本身就可以當作主詞,因此就是第三句,Going to school 本身就是一件事情"去上學"。而It本身就是虛主詞,代替後面toV的一整個句子。

    時態:

    spend - spent - spent

    take - took - taken

    cost - cost - cost

    2007-05-20 21:40:29 補充:

    問題四 : 不定代名詞

    所謂的不定代名詞就是one, ones, another, both, all, neither, none, either, any,還有其他的句型

    2007-05-20 21:40:55 補充:

    1.

    1-1 表"全部":兩者用"both",三者以上用"all"

    E.g.: I like both (of) the pens. (筆有兩隻)

    I like all (of) the pens. (筆有三隻以上)

    1-2 表"全無":兩者用"neither",三者以上用"none"

    E.g.: I know neither of the two girls. (女孩有兩個)

    I know none of the girls. (女孩有三個以上)

    2007-05-20 21:41:31 補充:

    1-3 表"任一",兩者用"either",三者以上用"any"

    E.g.: You can take either of the two books.(書有兩本)

    You can take any of the books.(書有三本)

    2007-05-20 21:42:01 補充:

    2.

    one~~~the other (一個~~另一個)

    E.g.: One of my parents is a teacher, and the other is a doctor.

    因為parents一定是"雙親",因此說了一個,就一定只有剩下另一個,因此用"other",而且雙親一定就是指自己的雙親,因此一定用"the"。

    one~~~the others(一個~~其餘的)

    2007-05-20 21:42:23 補充:

    one~~~another~~~the other (一個~~另一個~~其餘的)

    one~~another~~the others(一個~~另一個~~其餘的)

    some~~some~~others(有些~~~有些~~~又有些)

    some of~~;the others~~(有些~~其餘)

    2007-05-20 21:42:47 補充:

    3. Every & Each

    Every只可以當作形容詞,而each可以當作形容詞或代名詞

    E.g.

    Every/Each students knows the word.

    Each of the students has a pen.

    2007-05-20 21:43:19 補充:

    不定代名詞 one 與 ones:

    one = a + 名詞 ,ones = 複數名詞, it = the + 名詞

    (one 和ones都是代替前面已提過的東西,和it不同的是,one 和ones 不是指同樣的東西)

    E.g.:

    I don't have a red pen, but I have a blue one. (one指pen)

    I don't have red pens, but I have blue ones. (ones指pens)

    Did you get the baseball card? I got it yesterday. (it指the baseball card)

    2007-05-20 21:43:55 補充:

    問題五 : 什麼時候用 some of many of most of 請給例句

    ex: 總共有6個男生 只有3個男生有單車 是要用??

    some of (其中有一些~~~)[some可接上可數或不可數]

    Some of the students are girls.

    Some of the fruit is rotten.

    many of (其中很多~~~) [many後面接上可數名詞]

    Many of the students are sleeping in class.

    2007-05-20 21:44:17 補充:

    most of (其中大部分)[most可接上可數或不可數]

    Most of the pens are short.

    Most of the fruit is rotten.

    題目:因為你強調"只有",因此使用some of會比較好,如下:

    Some of the six boys have bicycles.

    或: Only three of the six boys have bicycles.

    參考資料: 自己
  • 小乖
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    1. The snack cost Amy NT$50.- (動詞用spend改寫 )

    1-1. Amy spent NT$50.- on the snack.

    1-2. Amy spent NT$50.- (in) buying the snack.

    2. The water costs NT$8500 (用it當虛主詞改寫)

    2-1. It costs me NT$8,500.- to buy the water.

    3. cost的用法 請給例句

    3-1. The books cost Luana NT$880.-

    3-2. They cost NT$770.- each.

    4-1. 不定代名詞 some 與 any:

    some (多用於肯定句中) ; any(多用於否定r句及疑問句中).

    4-1-1. I want some fresh air.

    4-1-2. Are there any new books in the library?

    4-1-3. Henry had never read any horror novels.

    4-1-4. You may come at any time.

    4-2. 不定代名詞 one 與 ones:

    one = a + 單數名詞 ; it = the + 名詞

    4-2-1. One must do one's best. Everyone must know himself.

    4-2-2. Do you have a ruler? Yes, I have one (= a ruler). one= a + Noun.

    When did you buy the ruler? I bought it (= the ruler) last night.

    4-2-3. Henry has five T-shirts: a red one and four bule ones (= T-shirts.)

    4-3. 不定代名詞 every 與 each:

    each / every + 單數名詞 + 單數動詞

    4-3-1. Each student has his own desk.

    4-3-2. Every student has a pen and paper.

    each / every ~ + each / every ~ + 單數動詞

    4-3-3. Every boy and every girl is excited.

    4-3-4. Each boy and each girl is surprised.

    5. 什麼時候用 some of; many of ; most of 請給例句:

    5-1. Some of my students have already married.

    5-2. Many of my classmates went on a picnic last Sunday.

    5-3. Most of people like Hello Kitty.

    ex: 總共有6個男生 只有3個男生有單車 是要用??

    Some of boys have bikes.

    參考資料: my personal teaching experience
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