小胖妞 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

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But the Center for Strategic and International studies says the effort is underfunded and will require an extra $15 to $30 billion in addition to the $30 billion already invested each year in development.

Experts say demand for water must be reduced as population increases.

For Massachusetts Institute of Technology engineer Susan Murcott, Part of the answer is new technologies to increase water efficiency. She favors simple, inexpensive ones for poor countries, such as portable solar evaporation stills to remove salt from water or drip lines connect to soil moisture sensors to release water sporadically onto farm fields as needed, rather than flooding them.

Ms. Murcott has developed a filter of brick chips, rusty nails, sand, and gravel in tub to eliminate arsenic and other contaminants from water.

“There may be a movement maybe not away from centralized drinking water and wastewater treatment plants,” she noted,

“But certainly an additional component of decentralized solutions that we are going to be seeing because water supply for so many people around the world is coming to people from decentralized sources.”

To this end, the World Health Organization is collaborating with more than 200 governmental and non-governmental organizations, corporations, and universities in an international network to promote research into safe, affordable household water treatment, and ways to make it available to every person who needs it.

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    但戰略和國際研究的中心認為努力underfunded, 將要求額外$15 到$30 十億除$30 十億之外每年已經被投資在開發中。

    專家說對水的需求必須被減少當人口增長。

    為麻省理工學院工程師蘇珊・Murcott, 一部分的答復是新技術增加水效率。她傾向簡單, 低廉那些為窮國, 譬如便攜式的太陽蒸發平靜從水或滴水線取消鹽分散地連接到土壤濕氣傳感器到發行水農田依照必要, 而不是水淹他們。

    Murcott 女士發展磚芯片、生鏽的釘子、沙子, 和石渣過濾器在木盆從水消滅砷和其它汙染物。

    “那裡也許是運動可能不從集中化飲用水並且廢水處理植物,” 她注意了,

    “但一定分散的解答一個另外的組分, 我們看見因為供水為許多人民在世界來臨人民從分散的來源。”

    到最後, 世界衛生組織與超過200 合作政府和非政府組織、在一個國際網路的公司, 和大學促進研究入安全, 付得起的家庭水處理, 和方式使它可利用對需要它的每個人。

    參考資料: 網頁翻譯
  • 1 0 年前

    但是策略性而國際的研究中心說努力是資金不足的而且將需要額外的$15 到$三百億在附加到那$三百億元的每年已經在發展投資了。

    專家說水一定要被減少如人口增加的的要求。

    因為麻薩諸塞州技術蘇珊 Murcott 工程師設立,答案的一部份是增加水效率的新技術。 她支持簡單的,便宜的為貧窮的國家,像是可攜式的太陽 eva

    網站很好用

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