麻糬 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

翻譯英文文章intelligence

What is intelligence, anyway? When I was in the army, I received the kind of aptitude test that all soldiers took and, against a normal of 100, scored 160. No one at the base had ever seen a figure like that, and for two hours they made a big fuss over me. (It didn't mean anything. The next day I was still a buck private with KP - kitchen police - as my highest duty.)

All my life I've been registering scores like that, so that I have the complacent feeling that I'm highly intelligent, and I expect other people to think so too. Actually, though, don't such scores simply mean that I am very good at answering the type of academic questions that are considered worthy of answers by people who make up the intelligence tests - people with intellectual bents similar to mine?

For instance, I had an auto-repair man once, who, on these intelligence tests, could not possibly have scored more than 80, by my estimate. I always took it for granted that I was far more intelligent than he was. Yet, when anything went wrong with my car I hastened to him with it, watched him anxiously as he explored its vitals, and listened to his pronouncements as though they were divine oracles - and he always fixed my car.

Well, then, suppose my auto-repair man devised questions for an intelligence test. Or suppose a carpenter did, or a farmer, or, indeed, almost anyone but an academician. By every one of those tests, I'd prove myself a moron, and I'd be a moron, too. In a world where I could not use my academic training and my verbal talents but had to do something intricate or hard, working with my hands, I would do poorly. My intelligence, then, is not absolute but is a function of the society I live in and of the fact that a small subsection of that society has managed to foist itself on the rest as an arbiter of such matters.

我是已經看過一遍此文章,看得懂後半段,前半段不太董

但似懂非懂,不知他故事大綱再講什麼?

請講一下故事大綱和重點

1 個解答

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    大綱:

    甚麼是高等智慧?因為智力測驗裡的題目都是像我這樣的人出的,所以我可以考高分,等於高等智慧人。但我的高智等慧並不等於我在任何事上都可勝任。像我的汽車修理工如果去考智力測驗的話還不一定會及格,但他對汽車的了解是超過我千萬倍。如果智力測驗裡的考題是一個汽車修理工甚至是個農夫出的話,我很可能會從一個高等智慧人變成一個大蠢豬。我可以容易的回答考試上的問題,但是對比較精細或需要用手工的東西上我就沒轍了。(重點)所以高等智慧只不過是一小群人所決定「甚麼是成功的指標」罷了。

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