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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫忙分析英文據句子!

請各位達人幫忙分析句子結構和翻譯中文! 大感激!!!

1. The paragraph given merely scratches the surface of what must be said about this University in order to entice students and to convince them that this is the best place to obtain a quality education.

2. It may, in fact, be their natural caution and responsibility that keeps them out of emergency room rather than the gear itself.

3. Also, given that skating is a recreational activity that may be primarily engaged in during evenings and weekends (when doctors' offices are closed), skater with less severe injuries may be especially likely to come to the emergency room for treatment.

2 個解答

評分
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. The paragraph given merely scratches the surface of what must be said about this University in order to entice students and to convince them that this is the best place to obtain a quality education.

    對於要如何吸引學生, 讓他們相信這所大學是獲致優質教育的最佳場所, 以上這段短文只作了粗淺的描述.

    paragraph: 主詞

    given: 過去分詞當形容詞, 修飾主詞

    merely: 副詞, 修飾動詞scratch

    scratch: 主要動詞

    surface: 動詞的受詞

    of: 介系詞

    [what...education]: 名詞子句, 當[of]的受詞

    what: 關係代名詞, 當子句的主詞

    [must be said]: 子句的動詞, 被動語態

    about: 介系詞

    [this University]: 當[about]的受詞

    [in oder to...education]: 不定詞片語當副詞用, 修飾動詞

    不定詞片語(1): to entice student

    student: 不定詞[to entice]的受詞

    不定詞片語(2): to convince....education

    them: 不定詞[to convince]的間接受詞

    [that...education]: 名詞子句, 當不定詞[to convince]的直接受詞

    that: 連接詞, 帶領名詞子句

    this: 主詞

    is: 子句的動詞

    [the best place]: 主詞補語

    [to obtain]: 不定詞修飾[the best place]

    [a quality education]: 不定詞[to obtain]的受詞

    2. It may, in fact, be their natural caution and responsibility that keeps them out of emergency room rather than the gear itself.

    事實上, 使他們免於受傷的可能是與生俱來的警覺及反應, 而不是那些防護裝備.

    本句型為強調用法, 原始句子為:

    Their natural caution and responsibility may, in fact, keep them out of emergency room rather than the gear itself.

    It: 型式上(文法上)的主詞, 代表[their natural caution and responsibility](真正的主詞)

    [may be]: 主要動詞

    [in fact]: 插入語

    [their natural caution and responsibility]: 主詞[it]的補語

    [that...room]: 關係子句, 修飾[their natural caution and responsibility]

    [that]: 關係代名詞, 當子句的主詞, 代表[their natural caution and responsibility]

    keep: 子句的動詞

    them: 動詞的受詞

    [out of emergency room]: 受詞補語

    [rather than]: 可視為連接詞, 一端是[their natural caution and responsibility], 另一端是[the gear itself]

    3. Also, given that skating is a recreational activity that may be primarily engaged in during evenings and weekends (when doctors' offices are closed), skater with less severe injuries may be especially likely to come to the emergency room for treatment.

    而且, 因為大家多半是在傍晚及週末(也就是診所休診的時段)從事溜冰這種休閒活動, 所以比較可能有輕傷患者到急診處就醫.

    2007-06-20 21:21:55 補充:

    Also: 副詞, 修飾整句

    given: 過去分詞引導一個分詞片語[given...closed)]

    [that...closed)]: 名詞子句, 當given的直接受詞

    [that]: 連接詞, 帶領名詞子句

    skating: 動名詞, 當子句的主詞

    is: 子句的動詞

    [a recreational activity]: 主詞補語

    2007-06-20 21:22:31 補充:

    [that...closed)]: 關係子句, 修飾主詞補語[a recreational activity]

    that: 關係代名詞, 當子句的主詞, 代表[a recreational activity]

    [may be engaged in]: 子句的動詞組

    primarily: 副詞, 修飾過去分詞engaged

    [during evenings and weekends]: 表時間之副詞片語

    [when doctors' offices are closed]: 關係副詞when, 引導關係子句, 修飾[evenings and weekends]

    2007-06-20 21:22:53 補充:

    skaters: 主詞

    [with less severe injuries]: 介系詞片語, 修飾主詞

    [may be]: 主要動詞

    especially: 副詞, 修飾likely

    likely: 形容詞, 當主詞補語

    [to come]: 不定詞, 當副詞修飾後半的整句(主要子句[skaters...])

    [to the emergency room for treatment]: 介系詞片語, 修飾[to come]

    2007-06-29 00:21:58 補充:

    版主您好:

    在下的程度尚稱粗淺, 只是習慣作"結構性閱讀": 每一句英文都要求自己對結構及語意充分瞭解到可以教給別人. 不懂的先想辦法查書, 再不行就來這兒請教高手.

    多看別人的文章也有助於發現自己的盲點.

    一起加油! ^_^

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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    The paragraph given merely scratches the surface of what must be said about this University in order to entice students and to convince them that this is the best place to obtain a quality education.

    主詞:The paragraph given ,動詞: scratches,受詞: the surface,副詞片語修飾動詞: in order to entice students and to convince them that this is the best place to obtain a quality education

    2. It may, in fact, be their natural caution and responsibility that keeps them out of emergency room rather than the gear itself.

    代名詞:It ,而真正主詞:their natural caution and responsibility,動詞:may be 另that keeps them out of emergency room rather than the gear itself 修飾主詞

    3. Also, given that skating is a recreational activity that may be primarily engaged in during evenings and weekends (when doctors' offices are closed), skater with less severe injuries may be especially likely to come to the emergency room for treatment

    主詞:skater ,動詞: may be ,受詞:to come to the emergency room for treatment

    而given that **所引導的是另一獨立子句。*****

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