Dodona 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文分詞構句???

1. When I arrived at train station, I discoverd that the train had already left.

2.After they had signed the contract,they shook hands.

3.People who already carry a driving license will not have any difficulty obtaining international driver's permit.

4.The secretary shows her boss the notes which were made at the last meeting.

會的請教教我

要正確答案跟解題方法

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. When I arrived at train station, I discovered that the train had already left.

     Arriving at train station, I discovered that the train had already left.

    2. After they had signed the contract, they shook hands.

     Having singed the contract, they shook hands.

    3. People who already carry a driving license will not have any difficulty obtaining international driver's permit.

     People already carrying a driving license will not have any difficulty obtaining international driver's permit.

    4. The secretary shows her boss the notes which were made at the last meeting.

     The secretary shows her boss the notes made at the last meeting.

    必須保留:before, since(指時間)

    必須刪除:because, since, as(指理由), as(指時間)

    (放在主要子句後面則)保留或(放在主要子句前則可)刪除:after, while, when

    2007-06-24 14:07:13 補充:

    Writing Academic English (Third Edition)

    參考資料: , Writing Academic English (Third Edition)-Chapter 14 Participial Phrases
  • 1 0 年前

    who is correct?

    2007-06-27 00:04:44 補充:

    我也覺得應該是分詞構句

  • 1 0 年前

    你這些應該頂多是子句 還有關係子句吧~"~ 沒有分詞構句

    When I arrived at train station, I discoverd that the train had already left.

    discover that + 子句 (明白 發覺 ~)

    原句I discoverd that the train had already left 我發覺火車已經開走了.

    我發覺怎樣? 火車開走的這件事 所以用that連接

    After they had signed the contract, they shook hands.

    After they had signed the contract(副詞子句)+they shook hands.(主要子句)

    People who already carry a driving license will not have any difficulty obtaining international driver's permit.

    可以分成兩個句子看

    第一句People will not have any difficulty obtaining international driver's permit. 但我不是很清楚為啥difficulty這名詞會接obtaining 或許有幾種可能

    1. difficulty 後面少打of連接: of介係詞後面接動詞的話要改成分詞 翻譯就跟N. of N.一樣 由後面翻過來

    2. obtain 改成分詞變成形容詞子句 修飾前面difficulty

    第二句who already carry a driving license 可以看成people already carry a driving license 由於主詞people重複 所以使用主詞 而且表示人的先行詞who來代替 翻譯也是後面翻過來 人 怎樣的人 有駕照的人

    The secretary shows her boss the notes which were made at the last meeting.

    這句因為show的關係 所以有直接受詞(the notes) 間接受詞(her boss)

    which were made at the last meeting. 這關係子句是修飾the notes 因為他先行詞是用which(代替 物 的先行詞) 所以整句翻譯是祕書給他老闆看上次做好的會議紀錄

    2007-06-21 00:52:52 補充:

    有問題再問吧

    參考資料: 豪氏全球國際企業總部 翻譯課
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