指叉球 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

有關『知道』此詞的英文

請問

savvy understand know comprehend

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這4個字有差別嗎?

請達人解題

2 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    有沒有差,有差,詞性不同,用法有正式與否的差別。

    先把最不同的savvy排除,這個字只能當(1)不可數名詞解,只依個人的理解能力、悟性等。原意是practical knowledge or understanding of sth,例如:political savvy

    或當(2)形容詞解,表示具備一般知識、了解道理的,也就是具備常識(common sense)的,原意是having practical knowledge and understanding of sth; having common sense,例如:savvy shopper

    再來是understand、know以及comprehend的比較:

    先講Know,指的是基於經驗、告知或學習所得到的資訊,而形成通曉的感覺,原意是to have information in your mind as a result of experience or because you have learned or been told it,

    而understand以及comprehend則是透過know(明白、了解、通曉)而了解別人的話語、語言、事務的發展、運作的機制等等。原意都是to know or realize the meaning of words, a language, what sb says, etc以及to know or realize how or why sth happens, how it works or why it is important。

    例句:

    Can you understand French?

    Do you understand the instructions?

    差別在於,comprehend較正式(formal),代表完全了解(understand sth fully),且常用在否定句(often used in negative sentences)中。

    看例句:

    The infinite distances of space are too great for the human mind to comprehend.

    其實就「暸解」(realize)意思而言,反倒是see/get /follow/grasp/ comprehend這5個動詞需要比較一下,他們的用法如下:

    to understand / see / get / follow / grasp / comprehend what / why / how…

    to understand / see / grasp / comprehend that…

    to be easy / difficult / hard to understand / see / follow / grasp / comprehend

    to fully / completely understand / see / grasp / comprehend sth

    to understand / see / get / grasp the point / idea (of sth)

    這點因不在問題範圍內,點到即可,建議多翻英英字典比較。

    參考參考囉

    參考資料: Translation experience
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  • 大張
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    savvy (adj or n) 指的是對某方面的事情了解很多,而且有能力在此方面做出最好的判斷或評價。

    He has a lot of political savvy.

    understand (v) 通常是指知道某事所代表的意思、知道某事如何或為何發生、知道某人的感受...之類的。

    The instructions were difficult to understand.

    know (v) 最廣泛的「知道」...(不太知如何解釋 - -''')。

    If you don't know the answer, just guess.

    comprehend (v) 意思相當接近understand,但又比understand正式。

    How could you possibly comprehend the difficulties of my situation?

    參考資料: 英英字典好物也... (Mine is MacMillan English Dictionary)
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