The political and administrative framework for planning
The first paragraph of the Swedish Constitution states that democracy should be implemented by ‘representative government and local self-government’. As noted above, mush of the power to plan is vested in the national and local levels. The regional levels play a subordinate role. An overview of the Swedish public sector is shown in Figure 1.
THE NATIONAL LEVEL
The central government has a stronger role in Sweden than in most Western countries. Important decisions are taken by central government, which is responsible for all government decisions. The powers of the ministries are restricted, and only routine matters are decided upon by individual ministers. These decisions are later formally confirmed by central government. The principle of collective responsibility is reflected in all forms of government work. There are at present 22 ministers in the central government.
The ministries are small units of usually no more than 100 persons headed by a minister appointed by the Prime Minister. They prepare central government bills for presentation to Parliament on budget appropriations and laws. They also issue laws, directives, regulations and general rules for the government agencies. The ministries have an outspoken role and responsibility for the implementation of central government decisions. Each minister also political advisers, who function as the minister’s political colleagues. They are political appointees, which means that they leave their posts when there is a change of government.
- ZarathustraLv 71 0 年前最佳解答
如同瑞典憲法的第一段說述 ,民主應由 "代表政府和當地自治
政府" 實行 . 如上所述,模糊的規劃權利歸屬於國家和地方兩個
層級. 地方層級扮演下屬的作用. 瑞典公共部門的概要如圖 1所示.
瑞典的中央政府有比大多數西方國家具有更強大的角色 . 重要
的決策是由中央政府所決定,其負責所有政府的決策 . 各部的權
力都受限制,只有例行公事由各部部長決定 . 這些決定在稍後 ,
形式的政府工作. 目前在中央政府共有22名部長 .
帶領 . 他們準備有關預算和法律的中央政府法案給國會. 他們還
政府的決定負責 . 每個部長還有政治顧問 ,他們的功能,作為大臣
的政治同僚. 他們屬於政治任命,這意味著當政權更替時, 他們需