阿賢
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阿賢 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問這一篇英文文章大綱是啥!很急!星期一下午就要交了!

Affixation is the dominant inflectional process in language, and many languages have dozens of inflectional affixes. With only eight inflectional affixes, English in not highly inflected language. Although most inflection in English involves regular affixation, some words mark inflectional contrasts less regular ways. This is most obvious in the case of verbs, a number of which indicate past tense by internal changes of various sorts. Regular and irregular inflection appear to operate in fundamentally different ways︰whereas regular inflected forms are constructed as needed in accordance with a general morphological rule (such as add-ed to mark the past tense), irregular forms must be stored permanently in the language user's memory. Evidence for this difference comes from studies of how long it takes speakers to utter the past tense form of a verb when presented with the base. For irregular forms, there is a correlation between response time and frequency of the verb; thus it takes time to recall the past form of frequent verbs such as see and find than it does for infrequent verbs such as stride and bid—presumably because it takes longer to locate infrequently used forms in one's memory. For regular verbs, in contrast, response time is independent of frequency: because the past tense is formed by a regular rule, there is no need to look up the word in the mental dictionary and all verbs—frequent ones like walk and frequent ones like discern—can be handle with equal speed.

1 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    我給你中文的翻譯:

    附加物是統治變形的過程用語言, 並且許多語言有許多變形的詞綴。與只八個變形的詞綴, 英語用不高度被彎曲的語言。雖然多數變化用英語介入規則附加物, 一些詞標記變形的對比較不規則方式。這是最顯然的在表明過去時由各種各樣的排序的內部變動的動詞情況下, 一定數量。規則和不規則的變化看上去經營在根本上規則被彎曲的形式像必要與一個一般形態規則符合被修建的不同的方式:但是規則被彎曲的形式依照必要被修建與一個一般形態規則符合(譬如增加標記過去時), 不規則的形式必須永久地被存放在語言用戶的記憶。證據為這個區別來自研究的多長時間需要報告人說出動詞的過去時形式當提出以基地。為不規則的形式, 有一種交互作用在動詞的反應時間和頻率之間; 因而比它做為少有的動詞譬如大步和出了價據推測需要時間召回頻繁動詞譬如看和發現的過去形式因為長期需要找出少有地被使用的形式某人的記憶。為規則動詞, 相反, 反應時間是獨立頻率: 因為過去時由一個規則規則形成, 沒有需要查找詞在精神字典並且所有動詞頻繁那些像步行和常去部分像辯明能是把柄以相等的速度

    中文翻譯大約是這樣吧!

    參考資料: 奇摩字典
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