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匿名使用者 發問時間: 藝術與人文詩詞與文學 · 1 0 年前





4 個解答

  • 1 0 年前


    The earliest technique of deliberate mummification, as used ca. 3000 BC, was minimal and not yet mastered. The organs were eventually removed (with the exception of the heart) and stored in canopic jars, allowing the body to be more well-preserved as it rested. Also, sometimes embalmers would break the bone behind the nose, and break the brain into little pieces and they would be pulled out via the nose. Then the embalmers would stuff the head with thick plant-based resin or plant resin sawdust.

    It also wasn’t until the Middle Kingdom that embalmers used natural salts to remove moisture from the body. The salt-like substance natron dried out and preserved more flesh than bone. Once dried, mummies were ritualistically anointed with oils and perfumes. The 21st Dynasty brought forth its most advanced skills in embalming and the mummification process reached its peak. The bodies' abdomens were opened and all organs, except for the heart, were removed and preserved in Canopic jars. The brain, thought to be useless, was pulled out through the nose with hooks, then discarded. It was also drained through the nose after being liquified with the same hooks. 

    2007-06-24 15:03:10 補充:

    The emptied body was then covered in natron, to speed up the process of dehydration and prevent decomposition. Often finger and toe protectors were placed over the mummies fingers and toes to prevent breakage. They were wrapped with strips of white linen that protected the body from being damaged.

    2007-06-24 15:04:05 補充:

    After that, they were wrapped in a sheet of canvas to further protect them.

    Many sacred charms and amulets were placed in and around the mummy and the wrappings. This was meant to protect the mummy from harm and to give good luck to the Ka of the mummy.

    2007-06-24 15:04:17 補充:


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  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前


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  • 1 0 年前

    。木乃伊的製作程序 。。

    ﹡1 在腹部的左下角切開,將內臟取(胃、肺、肝及腸),心臟仍留在屍體內,再將內臟處理於進一套四件的瓶子(卡諾皮克罐裏。

    ﹡2 腦袋也會取出,而取出的方法是利用勾子從鼻孔將腦袋取出。(近年亦有科學家嘗試用古埃及人的方法將男人的屍體處理,而在過程中發現到取出腦的困難,最後估計,古埃及人是利用勾子在鼻孔伸進腦袋將之搞爛,讓屍體頭部向下,那稀爛的腦袋便會慢慢流下來。

    ﹡3 屍體會利用碳酸納晶體脫水,將屍體放進碳酸納中四十天後 (脫水的程度會因人而異,一般有錢人的程序會較貧困者為長及仔細),便可拿出來塞進一些亞麻布、谷糠、碎布等物料,跟著在屍體上抹上油膏,再淋上樹脂,最後用布條包裹,布條可達四百四十八碼。

    ﹡4 之後將屍體放進人形棺內,這便完成整個過程,讓死者邁向永生之路。

    參考資料: 埃及之風
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