關於間接問句.wish~

有道題目是這樣的...

We haven't seen Jacky for a long time.No one knows ___.

(C)when he comes back (D)what's wrong with him

答案是給D,可是...不是應該說what wrong with him is嗎?

有點搞混了...wish假設語氣一定要用過去式嗎?

例如She wishes that she weren't so busy.

跟現在相反的事實,假設語氣用過去式,這跟 if 一樣

那若是假設未來可能發生的事,

wish可以和if一樣用未來式嗎?(We won't go if it rains tomorrow.)

例如I'm wish that you will be happy.

這句話是對的嗎?

勞煩大大們解答了~

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    關於這個間接問句問題........你問what's wrong with him怎麼不是what wrong with him is?這個問題要把它轉換一下~變成what happened with him?當你看到這裡的what happened時.....只要先加介係詞再加主詞就ok了!!!再回到你這一題~ what's wrong with him?改成顯然這是錯的觀念~因為what's wrong和what happened後面是不必再加動詞的了!!!茵位這2個已經是固定不必再做更變~只要在加介係詞與動詞就好了~(講的不清楚or不懂的話再去問老師or查文法書或者國中的參考書.......你真的不懂"抱歉啦~我第一次回答=ˇ=")

    wish假使句型的結構:

    I wish (that) 主詞+were/Ved......(表"與現在事實"相反)

    I wish (that) 主詞+had+p.p........(表"與過去事實"相反)

    ex1:I wish (that) I were a doctor.

    ex2:I wish (that) I had been in America last year.(就醬~)

    另外幫助你更了解的3點:

    1.I wish是表示"但願""真希望"........等意思!!!

    2.I wish"假設語句"是表示"不可能實現的願望".....所以後面的"名詞子句"(that引導的句子)需用"假設法動詞".....例題有~

    3.I wish (that)主詞+動詞可以等於If only也可在等於I would (that).....

    所以你說I'm wish that you will be happy...........是錯的喔~

    應該要改成I wish (that) you were happy.這樣才對的~

    懂了嗎?我是第一次回答!!!本人也喜歡英文這個科目!!!假如有聽不懂的地方~請多多包含!!!

    我在幫你補充幾個"假使句型"

    ///首先是最基本的if所接的"副詞子句"

    If 主詞+were/Ved.........,主詞+would/should/could/might+原形動詞.....

    1ex:If I were you,I would go to school on foot.

    2ex:If she had money,she could buy everything.

    注意:If假使句型的動詞需用"過去式"......而be動詞一律用"were"~!!!

    ///再來是比較少見的should"萬一"假使句型

    If 主詞+should+原形動詞,主詞+will(would)+原形動詞....

    ex:If it should raintomorrow,the basketball game will be cancelled(取消).

    補充:If 主詞+were to+原形動詞,主詞+would 原形動詞.......(表未來事實相反)......

    省略If的倒裝句型:

    (If)Were 主詞+形容詞/名詞.....,主詞+would+原形動詞.....

    ex:Were I young,I would go mountain climbing.

    (If)Should 主詞+原形動詞.....,主詞+would+原形動詞.....

    ex:(If)Should it rain,we wouldn't come to the party.

    (If)Had 主詞+P.P.(過去分詞).....,主詞+would+have+P.P.....

    ex:(If)Had he been here, he would have helped me.

    好了~就先補充到這~假如還有不懂再到知識問!!!(假如我看到的話......)我再說一次:我是第一次回答~有不懂的地方請見諒~我敘說能力不是很好~ㄏㄏ!!!希望你看的懂!!!Bye!!!Bye!!!

    2007-07-03 22:33:20 補充:

    抱歉~第4航中間的"因為"2個字打錯了!!!10分抱歉@ˇ@'''

    2007-07-03 22:33:55 補充:

    "行"又打錯了!!!抱歉~~ ~''''

    2007-07-05 08:44:16 補充:

    第一個回答者說錯了= =(I wish you will be happy)

    參考資料: 自己+參考書
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  • 狐狸
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    We haven't seen Jacky for a long time.No one knows ___.

    (C)when he comes back (D)what's wrong with him

    答案是給D,可是...不是應該說what wrong with him is嗎?

    =>間接問句裡...wh-必為疑問詞且不當主詞用

    而what's wrong with him 此為 something beV wrong with ....之句型

    也就是what代替something當主詞用...而 is 便是動詞

    因此此句並非間接問句... 而是名詞子句當know之受詞用

    至於使用到wish的假設語態...

    記住一點:wish + that + S + V中,S+V與現在事實相反用過去式,與過去事實相反用過去完成式

    也就是說S+V此子句裡不會有現在式

    因此你說I wish you will be happy. 是錯的

    寫為I wish (that) you were happy.才是正確的

    參考資料: Myself
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  • 1 0 年前

    如果是假設未來

    就用現在式代未來式就ok了

    像那個例句應該是

    I wish you will be happy

    總之

    與未來事實相反.....就用現在式

    與現在事實相反.....就用過去式

    與過去事實相反.....就用過去完成式

    有其他疑問可以問我喔^^

    參考資料:
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