發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

拜託英文翻義高手幫忙翻譯(20點)

不要用翻譯體3Q

By contrast,the neighborhood group faced with the same problem of differential mobility cannot give up the primary group dimension of continuous proximity and retain the essence of a neighborhood.To meet the formal organizational demand for differential mobility,it must give up long-term commitment and,to a lesser extent,homogenous life-styles.Again,the modern industrial system makes the former possible by encouraging the development of mechanisms that speed up the integration of newcomers and ease the departure of old-time residents(Fellin&Litwak,1963;Litwak,1985).Typical of mechanisms that speed up integration of newcomers are(a) organizations designed to incorporate newcomers into the community(e.g.,churches that have social events for newcomers,welcome wagons,newcomer clubs)and(b)national media and organizations that cut across class,race,ethnic,and regional differences and provide a common basis for newcomers‘quick integration.These are sufficient to sustain the modern neighborhood,but they clearly are structurally different from traditional primary groups.Modern neighborhoods cannot manage tasks that require long-term commitments.For example,neighbors usually cannot provide the continuous care required by chronically ill older people.These long-term commitments are typically managed by kin(Litwak,1985).As suggested above,however,neighbors manage other tasks that kin cannot handle,such as providing emergency first aid.

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  • Gato
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    By contrast,the neighborhood group faced with the same problem of differential mobility cannot give up the primary group dimension of continuous proximity and retain the essence of a neighborhood.To meet the formal organizational demand for differential mobility,it must give up long-term commitment and,to a lesser extent,homogenous life-styles.Again,the modern industrial system makes the former possible by encouraging the development of mechanisms that speed up the integration of newcomers and ease the departure of old-time residents(Fellin&Litwak,1963;Litwak,1985).Typical of mechanisms that speed up integration of newcomers are(a) organizations designed to incorporate newcomers into the community(e.g.,churches that have social events for newcomers,welcome wagons,newcomer clubs)and(b)national media and organizations that cut across class,race,ethnic,and regional differences and provide a common basis for newcomers‘quick integration.These are sufficient to sustain the modern neighborhood,but they clearly are structurally different from traditional primary groups.Modern neighborhoods cannot manage tasks that require long-term commitments.For example,neighbors usually cannot provide the continuous care required by chronically ill older people.These long-term commitments are typically managed by kin(Litwak,1985).As suggested above,however,neighbors manage other tasks that kin cannot handle,such as providing emergency first aid.

    對比上, 隔壁家庭面對同樣的不同的人口流動問題,不能放棄持續的親屬關係

    而保留隔壁家庭的本質. 為滿足正式的社會對不同的人口流動需求, 以較小範圍而言,

    隔壁家庭必須放棄長久的生活投入和共同的生活方式. 再者, 現代工業體系

    借由鼓勵機構的發展加速新住民的融入減緩原住民的遷出使前者變成可能,

    (Fellin&Litwak,1963;Litwak,1985). 加速新住民的融入的典型機構為

    (a) 要把新住民併入社區的社會(例如, 教會為新住民舉辦的活動, 迎新列車, 新鮮人俱樂部)

    以及 (b) 國家性的媒體和社會, 打破階級, 族群, 種族, 和宗教的差異而提供新住民快速融入的共同起點. 這些足以維持現代的隔壁家庭, 但結構上顯然不同於傳統的基本家庭.

    隔壁家庭無法處理長久的生活投入的工作. 例如, 隔壁家庭通常無法提供老人慢性病長期的照顧.

    這種長久的生活投入的工作基本上由家族處理(Litwak,1985). 然而, 如同上面所提,

    隔壁家庭處理家族所不能處理的工作, 好比是提供緊急醫療.

    請參考!

    參考資料: It seems que yo soy extranjero oder Ich bin Ausländer, merci!
  • 1 0 年前

    相反,鄰里小組面對有差別的流動性的同一個問題不可能放棄主要小組維度連續的接近度和保留鄰里的精華。要適應對有差別的流動性的正式組織需要,它必須,較小程度,放棄長期承諾,并且同源生活方式。再次,現代工業系統通過鼓勵加速新來者綜合化并且緩和舊時居民機制的發展做前可能(Fellin&Litwak離開1963年; litwak 1985)。加速新來者的綜合化的特點機制是(a)被設計的組織合併新來者到橫跨類切開的社區(即,有社交活動為新來者、受歡迎的無蓋貨車,新來者俱樂部)的教會裡和(b)全國媒介和組織,種族,種族和地方區別并且為新來者`快的綜合化提供一個共同的依據。這些是充足承受現代鄰里,但他們清楚地結構地是與傳統主要小組不同。現代鄰里不可能處理需要長期承諾的任務。例如,鄰居不可能通常提供慢性地不適的老人需要的連續的關心。這些長期承諾是 典型地由家族(Litwak處理1985)。如被建議以上,然而,鄰居處理家族不可能處理的其他任務,例如提供緊急情況急救。

    參考資料: 對不起!! 太多了!! 我只能翻譯這些而已!!
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