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? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

was going to 是表示曾想做卻未做的意思嗎?

在文法寶典裡P.347提到 was going to 表示過去打算要做但未能達成的事

例句:She was going to attend the concert last night.她昨晚本想參加演唱會(但因故未能去)

請問真的有這種說法嗎? 我有點懷疑

謝謝啦

3 個解答

評分
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Kenny is right.

    Try not to be stuck with grammatical rules, which are supposed to help you learn rather than coop your imagination up.

    2007-09-26 23:20:32 補充:

    版主您好:

    本來Kenny大大的回答已經說明得簡單扼要, 不用在下多言. 不過既然是討論, 不妨把個人的想法提出供您參考.

    英文裡要表示"過去打算要做但未能達成的事", 基本上常用的是"假設語氣".

    她昨晚本來會去聽演唱會. (如果不是臨時有事的話)

    She would have attended the concert last night. (if it hadn't been for something that came up)

    或者也可以用[intend]/[want]/[plan]等"意願動詞", 方式有:

    她昨晚本想參加演唱會.

    She had intended to attend the concert last night. OR

    She intended to have attended the concert last night.

    如果要用您所提的句型: [(was)/(were) going to V], 基本上都會有其他的上下文來支持"過去打算要做但未能達成"的語意. Stephenie大大所提供的第一個網頁中的題目就是如此.(至於第二個網頁的內容並不足昭公信)

    I was going to but I changed my mind and came by car.

    我(本來)要...但是...

    I thought you were going to tell Christine.

    我以為...你(本來)要...

    以下是在下找到的實際例子.

    Britney Spears was going to hurt the kids?

    Britney Spears' former bodyguard Tony Barretto tells the Daily Mail he thought Britney Spears was going to hurt the kids.

    句子裡的"?","he thought"等線索讓讀者知道"過去打算要做但未達成"的語意

    http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:68bStpT_Ky8J:t... "was going to"&hl=zh-TW&ct=clnk&cd=30&gl=tw

    其實在未有其他提示的狀態下, [was/were going to V]多半就是字面上的含意:[在過去的未來或打算], 完全是事實陳述, 並不含有"但未達成"的語意.

    No steel framed building had collapsed through fire prior to 9/11, so how was it known that the World Trade Center was going to collapse?

    http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:4kSJm8GQB10J:w... "was going to"&hl=zh-TW&ct=clnk&cd=3&gl=tw

    至於所謂"意謂那動作最後並沒有發生或完成,否則就會變成過去的狀態,用簡單過去式表示就可以了"的說法, 並不盡然.

    同一件事實, 因為時間點的不同, 或是要表達的語意不同, 可以用不同的時態表達.

    事實: 我在上個月看了"蜘蛛人3"這部電影(租來看的)

    純粹陳述(時間點在過去):

    I saw Spiderman 3 last month.

    回應朋友現在的邀約"今夜租蜘蛛人3來看吧"(時間點在現在):

    I have seen the movie already.

    陳述看電影稍早時的狀況(時間點在過去):

    My bother was excited when he knew I was going to rent a Spiderman 3 DVD.

    所以, 不要被文法綁死, 但不是不甩文法. 反而要多方瞭解並活用.

    以上是個人的意見, 不敢說完全正確, 尚請指教.

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  • 1 0 年前

    那要看是陳述或是意向

    be going to表示"未來"想要或當時有"動向意願"要

    was going to則表示在過去的時候或過去某一時間點想要去做某件事

    如果你是"陳述"一段過去在的時間點的思想時

    就好像筆錄時 i was going to have dinner at that time .

    那時我正要去吃飯.......並不代表你没去吃ㄟ....那只是表示前後順序

    (有表示在某個"時間點"那時正想要去做但可以有做...也可没做)

    但也可是在文法寶典裡表示"過去打算要做但未能達成的事"哦!

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  • 1 0 年前

    應該是有的~!

    因為be going to是表示未來想要去做什麼事

    那麼was going to則表示我過去的時候想要去做某件事

    但是因為別的關係而沒有去做!

    畢竟如果我有去做的話就不會用was going to了!

    如果有做的話應該會用過去式!

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