? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請英文強者幫個忙

這篇是我自己翻的

可是文法不順,請大大替我檢查一下嚕

謝謝

The child should be screened specifically for autism if he fails a routine developmental surveillance。 (假使這孩子在常規上的發展失敗那他應該做特別的自閉性篩檢)This may be done With either an autism screening instrument (see table:Autism Dignostic Tools)(這可能由被處理的自閉篩檢量表從中選出一個),or if you can't obtain an autism specific instrument Systematically inquire about language And Social-emotional development Joint attention and pretend play with a screening questionnaire(see table: important screening questions for parents)(抑或假如你不能從一個篩選自閉兒的量表從中有系統的詢問語言以及社會感情發展和專注力以及要求使用調查表進行調查)(看表格:篩選重要的問題給雙親)

If the child fails the autism-specific screen,a formal evaluation should be performed。(假如孩子在專門篩檢自閉症不合格,那正式的評估應該被進行)This evaluation should differentiate autism from other developmental disorders(這評估應該把自閉性和其他發展障礙別開)

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Diagnosis stems from observations of the child's communication,(從觀察得知診斷是由孩子的口語表達)Behavior(行為),and development and occurs when a specific number of characteristics are present in inappropriate ranges for that age(且提出具體的數目在那範圍內年齡發展和發生不適當的特性

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A multidisciplinary team (一個訓練多種學科的團隊

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Which may include a developmental pediatrician(可以包括一個兒科發展的醫生),Child psychologist (兒童心理學家),Speech language expert(講話語言專家),

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and an occupational and physical therapist with autism knowledge(以及了解自閉症的職能和物理治療師),should evaluate the observations(應該對觀察得知的做出評價),which should take place in home ,school,and clinical settings(這些應該在家,學校,臨床上進行定位

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A specialist or team of specialists should complete psychological and psychiatric examinations(專科醫生們的團隊應該完成心理和精神病學的考試

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Sspecialists should be knowledgeable regarding autism,and andother pervasive developmental disorders,as well as mental retardation,selective mutism,obsessive-compulsive disorder,and social anxiety disorder。(專科醫生應該對關於自閉症以及其他發展上的障礙,以及智能障礙,選擇性不語症,強迫症,以及社交焦慮症很有知識。

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Cognitive ability needs to be assessed with separate estimates of verbal IQ and normal。Many children will demonstrate a pattern of PIQ higher than VIQ,the PIQ-VIQ split,however,is severity-dependent。(文字智商和正常的智商的認知能力評估是需要被隔開來測試,但是取決嚴格的PIQ-VIQ部分,PIQ高於VIQ的模式將被許多孩童證實。

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Formal intelligence testing can be challenging ,and results may not be reliable(正規的智力測驗可能會被質疑,而且結果可能並不可靠

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    我文法不太好,

    但是第一句的if是連接詞喔!

    if有2種用意,第一種是"如果"(就是你寫的),

    第2種是連接詞(和wheather的用意是一樣的喔!)

    2007-10-14 17:12:57 補充:

    有知道的在回答你~

    參考資料: 自己
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