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Information requirements for managementdecision support

General Systems Theory (GST) provides a lensthrough which business organizations can be understood. Fig. 1 illustrates a systems view of how a business operates. Every system has a purpose or goal that drives the strategy behind its design and organization. Economists describe a business as a production system that adds value to the environment. The overall goal of the business is to maximize its long term value . It does so by transforming lower-valued resources acquired from the environment into higher-valued goods and services distributed back to the environment. The general functions of management are to: strategize, organize, lead, acquire and allocate resources, and monitor business activities to assure that the difference between the value of the outputs and the value of the inputs is maximized [20].

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  • 1 0 年前
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    支援經營抉擇的資訊需求

    大眾系統原理(GST)提供了一個可以給交易機構了解的鏡像。圖一以系統的觀點顯示出一筆交易如何運作。每個系統各有一個執行其設計、組織的策略作為目的或目標。經濟學家描述出一個企業像是一個為環境加值的生殖系統。整體而言,一個交易的目的就是要使它的長期價格達到最大。為達成目的,它一開始從環境取得的低價資源轉變為高價的商品和回饋資源的服務。大體上,管理部的功能為:擬定策略、安排、領導、取得及分配資源,並監測交易活動,以確保生產量和原料量之間的差值達到最大。

    參考資料: 人腦...不好意思有點不順...
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