雅函 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫我翻譯塞繆爾·詹森的這篇文章另外兩段

請幫我翻譯~謝謝

Even this hope will receive very little encouragement from the examination of the history of learning, or observation of the fate of scholars in the present age. If we look back into past times, we find innumerable names of authors once in high reputation, read perhaps by the beautiful, quoted by the witty, and commented upon by the grave; but of whom we now know only that they once existed. If we consider the distribution of literary fame in our own time, we shall find it a possession of very uncertain tenure; sometimes bestowed by a sudden caprice of the publick, and again transferred to a new favourite, for no other reason than that he is new; sometimes refused to long labour and eminent desert, and sometimes granted to very slight pretentions; lost sometimes by security and negligence, and sometimes by too diligent endeavours to retain it.

A successful author is equally in danger of the diminution of his fame, whether he continues or ceases to write. The regard of the publick is not to be kept but by tribute, and the remembrance of past service will quickly languish, unless successive performances frequently revive it. Yet in every new attempt there is new hazard, and there are few who do not at some unlucky time, injure their own characters by attempting to enlarge them.

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    只要檢視一下學術史或者觀察一下當代學者的命運,就可以知道即便是這樣的期盼也是不切實際的。回顧歷史,許多曾經名噪一時的作家,他們的作品曾經被俊男美女爭相拜讀,被機智之人爭相引用,被碩學鴻儒爭相註解,而今風光不再,僅剩史料中可見他們的名諱。再細數我們當代的文人墨客的起起落落,就可以發現聲名這東西真是來去捉摸不定。有時會因為大眾善變的口味而倏忽聲名雀起,接著瞬時間大眾又找到了新寵,純粹只是為了新人的新鮮感。有時精心創作卻因為曲高和寡而不被青睞,也有時稍稍矯揉造作卻反而博得盛名。有人因為成名後安逸怠慢而失寵,卻也有人因為成名後太患得患失而適得其反。

    一個功成名就的作家不管是繼續不斷的創作或者就此封筆停產,都一樣有聲名遭蛀蝕的危險。想要持續在文壇佔有一席之地,就必須不斷的贏得眾人的讚賞。過往的貢獻很快就會在眾人的記憶中淡出,不想被大眾遺忘就只有筆耕不懈一途。然而作家每每在跨足新的創作領域時,新的危險也會如影隨形,多數人在拓展寫作風格的過程中,或多或少都不免遭逢失敗而致弄巧反拙。

    參考資料: self
  • 1 0 年前

    有些不懂ㄉ.不會翻.

    這希望將接受很少鼓勵從得知, 或觀察的歷史的考試學者命運在當前年齡。如果我們看回到過去時期, 我們發現作者的無數的名字一次在高名譽, 由美麗讀或許, 由機智引述, 和由墳墓評論; 但誰我們現在知道只他們曾經存在了。如果我們考慮文藝名望的發行在我們自己的時間, 我們將發現它非常不定的佔有權的財產; 有時由publick 的突然的反覆無常贈送, 和再轉移到一個新喜愛, 為沒有其它原因比那他是新的; 有時拒絕長期勞動和突出的沙漠, 和有時授予非常輕微的pretentions; 由太努力努力有時丟失由安全和疏忽, 和有時保留它。一位成功的作者相等地是有他的名望的減少的危險, 是否他繼續或停止寫。publick 的尊敬不將由進貢保留但, 並且過去服務記憶迅速將衰弱, 除非連續表現頻繁地復興它。在每新企圖有新危險, 並且有少數不在不少不幸的時刻, 傷害他們自己的字符由試圖擴大他們。

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