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The target of the infant’s destructive urges is also a deeply loved figure toward whom the infant feels profound gratitude (Klein, 1964). These feelings, coupled with the child’s regret and sorrow over her or his destructiveness; serve as the basis for fantasies of reparation. Such fantasies are intended to repair the damage and transform the annihilated object into a whole object once again.

The concept of projective identification, which some believe to be a sine qua non for the understanding and treatment of borderline and other severe personality disorders, is also attributed to Klein (1946, 1952). Projective identification represents not simply a strategy of defense but is a significant though developmentally primitive mode of interaction. In projective identification, the subject projects unwanted parts of the self into others for “safekeeping.” Ogden, a contemporary Kleinian, has defined the concept in the following manner: “Projective-identification is a concept that addresses the way in which feeling states corresponding to the unconscious fantasies of one person (projector) are engendered in and processed by another person to experience and contain an aspect of himself”(Ogden, 1982, p.1).

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  • 1 0 年前
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    嬰兒的破壞性的敦促的目標並且是嬰兒感覺深刻謝意的一個深深地被愛的圖(Klein 1964) 。這些感覺, 被結合充滿兒童的遺憾和哀痛在她或他的破壞; 起依據作用對於賠償幻想。這樣幻想意欲修理損傷和再次變換被殲滅的對象成一個整體對象。

    投影證明的概念, 一些認為是一個必要條件為國界和其它嚴厲病態人格的理解和治療, 並且歸因於Klein (1946 年, 1952) 。投影證明不簡單地代表防禦戰略但是互作用一個重大雖則發展地原始方式。在投影證明, 主題射出自已的不需要的部份入其他人為"安全保護。" Ogden, 當代Kleinian, 定義了概念以以下方式: "投影證明是演講方式用感覺狀態對應於一個人的概念(放映機) 不自覺的幻想造成和由其它人處理體驗和包含方面的himself"(Ogden, 1982 年, p.1) 。

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