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For anthropologists,the major purpose in the emphasis on the individual and hence practice derives from our refusal to reduce individuals to puppets of their culture and,at the same time,to understand their power,or a lack thereof,over the course of history,since their impact almost never takes the form of a direct... 顯示更多 For anthropologists,the major purpose in the emphasis on the individual and hence practice derives from our refusal to reduce individuals to puppets of their culture and,at the same time,to understand their power,or a lack thereof,over the course of history,since their impact almost never takes the form of a direct causal arrow but a complex and long-term process.
There are several theoretical issues involved. First,how is one to interpret an individual not as a quintessential Japanese,American,etc.,and consider her or his unique experience,thoughts,feelings,and personality for her or him to become a historical agent,rather than simply an actor?Consider martin luther king Jr. and Gandhi, on the good side of the spectrum, and Hitler and Mao, in his cultural revolution stage,on the other end. We must examine a complex dialectic between a subject and his or her experience as a member of a society,and historical,political contexts.
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