Rainey 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

甚麼是Chemotherapy? (20點喔)

請問 "Chemoptherapy" 是甚麼?

我要把 "Chemoptherapy" 是甚麼 + 它的作用及副作用做成一張英文A4海報. 請問我該把那些重點寫下來?

答案請用英文

P.s 請順便翻譯成中文, 謝謝

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Chemotherapy is the use of chemical substances to treat disease. In its modern-day use, it refers to cytotoxic drugs used to treat cancer or the combination of these drugs into a standardized treatment regimen.

    In its non-oncological use, the term may also refer to antibiotics (antibacterial chemotherapy). In that sense, the first modern chemotherapeutic agent was Paul Ehrlich's arsphenamine, an arsenic compound discovered in 1909 and used to treat syphilis. This was later followed by sulfonamides discovered by Domagk and penicillin discovered by Alexander Fleming.

    Side-effects

    The treatment can be physically exhausting for the patient. Current chemotherapeutic techniques have a range of side effects mainly affecting the fast-dividing cells of the body. Important common side-effects include (dependent on the agent):

    Nausea and vomiting

    Diarrhea or constipation

    Anemia

    Malnutrition

    Memory loss

    Depression of the immune system, hence (potentially lethal) infections and sepsis

    Hemorrhage

    Secondary neoplasms

    Cardiotoxicity

    Hepatotoxicity

    Nephrotoxicity

    Ototoxicity

    Death

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