里長 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫我做英文文法解析

1. Enclosed please find some gifts bought while I was in Taiwan.

請問enclosed為什麼可以放在句首?文法結構是什麼?

是倒裝句?正確的文法結構是什麼?若不倒裝時,原句應如何改寫?

2. (此對話摘錄自Communicating in Business English)

Mark: How did your call with Mr. Sanchez go?

Linda: Great! I made a list of objectives before I called and referred to it during the call. That kept us both from wasting time.

Mark: He didn’t think you were too aggressive, did he?

Linda: I don’t think so. He was very agreeable and polite during our conversation. One thing I didn’t anticipate was his sense of humor.

Mark: I’m sure you did a great job representing the company. You always speak with such authority in meetings.

Linda: And a trick I learned for the phone is to talk standing up. It really works.

以上對話中最後一句Linda說And a trick I learned for the phone is to talk standing up.,請問talk後為什麼可以加 V-ing?standing up是補語?或是用來修飾什麼?是什麼文法結構有此類型的用法?可否詳細說明?

3. (此對話摘錄自Communicating in Business English)

Linda: This coffee shop is wonderful. Thanks for bringing me here.

Miller: My pleasure, Linda. So, Bob tells me you joined the company recently.

Linda: That’s right. I started applying for jobs last January and was hired in March.

Miller: What did you do before that?

Linda: Before that I was a freelance consultant.

Miller: Really? I heard consultants earn great salaries. Why did you quit that?

Linda: It was too stressful moving from job to job. I wanted steadier work. And I have found the work I’m involved in now is very interesting and exciting.

以上對話中Linda最後說It was too stressful moving from job to job.,請問stressful後為什麼可以加 V-ing?moving from job to job是補語?或是用來修飾什麼?是什麼文法結構有此類型的用法?可否詳細說明?

已更新項目:

Hi 歐及上大大,

請問talk standing up(站著講話)及He came running. (跑著過來)此類V + V-ing的句型文法,是應該參考文法書的那類章節?而此V-ing是當補語?若是,則修飾誰?還是當副詞片語,修飾之前的V

可以的話,可不可以請大大直接將文法詳述一下?若能多舉幾個例子更好。

2 個已更新項目:

另外,常在e-mail中看到Attached please find the file (or document).此類的句子,此句型只有單一個分詞修飾,並無二個(含)以上的分詞修飾。請問attached為什麼還要搬到句首

2 個解答

評分
  • Yehoo
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Enclosed please find some gifts bought while I was in Taiwan.

    請問enclosed為什麼可以放在句首?文法結構是什麼?

    是倒裝句?正確的文法結構是什麼?若不倒裝時,原句應如何改寫?

    Enclosed please find some gifts bought while I was in Taiwan.

    先簡化一下句子, 以方便看結構

    Enclosed please find some gifts.

    = Please find some gifts enclosed.

    = Please find some gifts that are enclosed.

    由以上句子可知, enclosed 是在形容詞子句簡化之下, 將過去分詞作為形容詞用, 修飾 gifts

    按理說, 形容詞應儘量和要修飾的名詞靠近, 那為何enclosed 跑到句首?

    @ 商業書信自有其格式, 非全部可用傳統文法觀念解釋

    @ enclosed 放句首, 有強調的作用, 因為讀者第一個字就讀到此字

    2. And a trick I learned for the phone is to talk standing up.

    先簡化一下句子, 以方便解析

    將不影響結構的形容詞子句 I learned for the phone 去掉

    (1) A trick is to talk standing up.

    接著, 將此句逐步還原

    (2) A trick is that I can talk standing up.

    (3) A trick is that I can talk and stand up.

    <分析>

    句(3)裡面, that 子句中其實有兩個對等子句, 就是

    I can talk 和 (I can) stand up

    在對等連接詞前後有兩個對等子句時, 可將其中一個改為分詞結構, 也就是文法書上所謂的分詞構句, 這時候, 此分詞結構變成副詞片語

    因此, 可將句(3)簡化為句(2)

    再將句(2) 帶有助動詞的子句, 改為不定詞, 得到句(1)

    最後, 整合一下, 就是您原來的句子

    And a trick I learned for the phone is to talk standing up.

    在此 standing up 是副詞

    (3) It was too stressful moving from job to job.

    it 是虛字(虛主詞), 真正的主詞是 moving from job to job

    為何這樣寫?

    當原主詞 ( 可以是 V-ing / to V / that 名詞子句 ) 較長, 放在句首可能造成讀者困擾的情況下, 可使用虛字it來取代, 再將原主詞放在句末

    請看以下例句

    It is healthful to eat an apple every day.

    = To eat an apple every day is healthful.

    It is healthful eating an apple every day.

    = Eating an apple every day is healthful.

    It is healthful that everybody eats an apple every day.

    = That everybody eats an apple every day is healthful.

    (end)

    參考資料: I myself
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  • 1 0 年前

    1. Enclosed please find some gifts bought while I was in Taiwan.

    原本是please find some gifts (which are) enclosed and (which were) bought while I was in Taiwan

    因為連用了兩個分詞修飾,而且第二個後面還有子句所以把第一個移到句首

    2.talk standing up站著講話

    例 He came running. 跑著過來

    3.It was too stressful moving from job to job

    原本是Moving from job to job is too stressful動名詞當主詞,所以用Ving,這個主詞太長,把它移到後面,原來的地方用it代替,所以it是虚主詞

    2007-11-20 20:37:31 補充:

    1.倒裝在修辭上確實有強調作用,而倒裝也連帶使得添加修飾語成為可能,例如Under the tree is a charming girl aged about seventeen or eighteen. 2.文法書連接詞篇常可查到副詞子句簡化分詞構句,形容詞子句簡化分詞片語,而talk standing up此類V + V-ing的句型文法,卻可能出現在動詞/動狀詞章節,因為它非來自副詞子句或形容詞子句。而句型中Ving已成為附帶的動作,意思上較為次要。 (參考資料:賀氏英文法)

    參考資料: myself
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