iohazard02001 發問時間： 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

# 英文文法中被動式語句是否能省略be動詞呢?

The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities

of the outcomes contained in the event

B 表示包含在這event 中所有的outcome機率之總和

outcomes應該是用 "被動式" 表示被包含在event之中

### 3 個解答

• Yehoo
Lv 6
1 0 年前
最佳解答

The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities of the outcomes contained in the event.

contained in the event 是形容詞片語, 修飾前面的 outcomes

這裡的contained是過去分詞做為形容詞用

將片語還原成子句, 得到

The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities of the outcomes which / that are contained in the event.

關係代名詞which ( 或用that ) 代表前面所說的 outcomes

從這子句中, 可以很清楚地看出, 的確是被動態

which are contained 主詞 + be動詞 + 過去分詞

將which 和 be動詞are省略, 就成為您所看到的

The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities of the outcomes contained in the event.

(end)

參考資料： I myself
• The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities

of the outcomes contained in the event

是The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities

of the outcomes which are contained in the event的省略句

再給你一些例子：

The man (who is) standing in the corner is my father.

The book (which was) borrowed by John was stolen.

I love girls (who are) naked.

是不是有發現這些「關係代名詞+be動詞」都是可以被省略的呢？

且他們還有個特性

上面畫線起來的部分都是當補語用來補充說明前面提過的人事物

很神奇吧？

不過不難，多看幾個例子你也能自然拆出結構

希望有幫到你

參考資料： 自己
• 1 0 年前

因為是形容詞子句