英文文法中被動式語句是否能省略be動詞呢?

我的疑惑來自下面這句

The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities

of the outcomes contained in the event

這是機率的題目 , 答案很簡單

可是我有點疑惑他的文法 , 句子應該是說

B 表示包含在這event 中所有的outcome機率之總和

我有疑問的是這個 : outcomes contained in the event

outcomes應該是用 "被動式" 表示被包含在event之中

可是怎麼句中未見 be 動詞呢?

3 個解答

評分
  • Yehoo
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities of the outcomes contained in the event.

    contained in the event 是形容詞片語, 修飾前面的 outcomes

    這裡的contained是過去分詞做為形容詞用

    將片語還原成子句, 得到

    The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities of the outcomes which / that are contained in the event.

    關係代名詞which ( 或用that ) 代表前面所說的 outcomes

    從這子句中, 可以很清楚地看出, 的確是被動態

    which are contained 主詞 + be動詞 + 過去分詞

    將which 和 be動詞are省略, 就成為您所看到的

    The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities of the outcomes contained in the event.

    (end)

    參考資料: I myself
  • The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities

    of the outcomes contained in the event

    是The probability of an event B = {a , b , ....} is the sum of the probabilities

    of the outcomes which are contained in the event的省略句

    再給你一些例子:

    The man (who is) standing in the corner is my father.

    The book (which was) borrowed by John was stolen.

    I love girls (who are) naked.

    是不是有發現這些「關係代名詞+be動詞」都是可以被省略的呢?

    且他們還有個特性

    上面畫線起來的部分都是當補語用來補充說明前面提過的人事物

    很神奇吧?

    不過不難,多看幾個例子你也能自然拆出結構

    希望有幫到你

    參考資料: 自己
  • 1 0 年前

    因為是形容詞子句

還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。